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Cancer Health Center

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Antineoplastons (PDQ®): Complementary and alternative medicine - Health Professional Information [NCI] - General Information


Another theoretical mechanism of action is based on the structural similarities of antineoplaston A10 to other experimental anticancer drugs such as carmustine and 5-cinnamoyl-6-aminouracil. A10 has been proposed to bind to chromatin and therefore relate to other anticancer drugs such as doxorubicin that interact directly with DNA.[21,26,27]

At the cellular level, two other mechanisms of action have been proposed to explain inhibition of tumor growth. One theory involves the activity of PAG, a component of some antineoplastons. PAG appears to compete with glutamine for access to the glutamine membrane transporter and may inhibit the incorporation of glutamine into the proteins of neoplastic cells. Because glutamine is essential for the cell cycle transition from G1 to S phase where DNA replication occurs, antineoplastons may arrest cell cycle progression and stop cell division.[28] Another theory proposes that phenylacetic acid, also a component of several antineoplastons, inhibits methylation of nucleic acids in cancer cells. The hypomethylation of DNA in cancer cells may lead to terminal differentiation and prevention of tumor growth or progression.[28]


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  13. Burzynski SR, Kubove E, Burzynski B: Treatment of hormonally refractory cancer of the prostate with antineoplaston AS2-1. Drugs Exp Clin Res 16 (7): 361-9, 1990.
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  19. Kumabe T, Tsuda H, Uchida M, et al.: Antineoplaston treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Oncol Rep 5 (6): 1363-7, 1998 Nov-Dec.
  20. Buckner JC, Malkin MG, Reed E, et al.: Phase II study of antineoplastons A10 (NSC 648539) and AS2-1 (NSC 620261) in patients with recurrent glioma. Mayo Clin Proc 74 (2): 137-45, 1999.
  21. Lehner AF, Burzynski SR, Hendry LB: 3-Phenylacetylamino-2,6-piperidinedione, a naturally-occurring peptide analogue with apparent antineoplastic activity, may bind to DNA. Drugs Exp Clin Res 12 (Suppl 1): 57-72, 1986.
  22. Hendry LB, Muldoon TG, Burzynski SR, et al.: Stereochemical modelling studies of the interaction of antineoplaston A10 with DNA. Drugs Exp Clin Res 13 (Suppl 1): 77-81, 1987.
  23. Michalska D: Theoretical investigations on the structure and potential binding sites of antineoplaston A10 and experimental findings. Drugs Exp Clin Res 16 (7): 343-9, 1990.
  24. Choi BG, Seo HK, Chung BH, et al.: Synthesis of Mannich bases of antineoplaston A10 and their antitumor activity. Arch Pharm Res 17 (6): 467-9, 1994.
  25. Burzynski SR: Purified Antineoplaston Fractions and Methods of Treating Neoplastic Disease. US Patent 4559325. December 17, 1985. Washington, DC: US Patent and Trademark Office, 1985. Available online. Last accessed August 9, 2012.
  26. Wood JC, Copland JA, Muldoon TG, et al.: 3-phenylacetylamino-2,6-piperidinedione inhibition of rat Nb2 lymphoma cell mitogenesis. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 197 (4): 404-8, 1991.
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  28. Sołtysiak-Pawłuczuk D, Burzyński SR: Cellular accumulation of antineoplaston AS21 in human hepatoma cells. Cancer Lett 88 (1): 107-12, 1995.

This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

Last Updated: 8/, 015
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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