Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started
My Medicine

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Children's Health

Select An Article

Tips for Parents of Visually Impaired Children

Font Size

Diagnosing Vision Problems in Children

Everyone needs regular eye exams. This is particularly important if your child has risk factors or a family history of eye problems. Children need their vision checked at infancy, 6 months, between 3 and 3 1/2 years, and upon entering school, around the age of 5.

You should see your primary health care provider for any of these symptoms of vision problems. He or she can refer you to an eye doctor if needed:

  • Redness or swelling in the eye
  • Lots of tearing or blinking
  • Poor eye alignment
  • Frequent rubbing of one or both eyes
  • Frequent closing or covering of one eye
  • Extreme sensitivity to light
  • Trouble tracking an object in range of vision
  • Tilting the head when trying to focus
  • Eyes that appear asymmetric or that show white reflection in photos

These are other possible symptoms of vision problems you may notice in an older child:

  • Trouble seeing the blackboard at school (check with your child or child's teacher)
  • Sitting very close to the television
  • Leaning close to books while reading or doing homework
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches or nausea

Education for Visually Impaired Children

Visually impaired children can have learning problems that range from mild to severe. Their educational needs and options will depend on the nature of their disability.

Under the American Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), visually impaired children are entitled to a "free and appropriate public education." But this doesn't mean that you should simply send visually impaired children off to school and hope for the best. You will need to ensure that your child gets the support she needs to learn and flourish. Here are some suggestions:

  • Your pediatrician should arrange for your family to be involved in an early intervention program to assess needs further, which might include modification of the environment, physical therapy, or occupational therapy.

  • Talk to teachers and administrators at your child's school. Make sure that they understand your child's special issues and that accommodations are being made in the classroom. Additionally a special team may be assigned to develop an IEP and ensure your child’s needs are being met.
  • Get a second opinion from a learning specialist if you aren't comfortable with your child's learning environment.
  • Check in with your child often to make sure that he or she is thriving at school.
Next Article:

Today on WebMD

child with red rash on cheeks
What’s that rash?
plate of fruit and veggies
How healthy is your child’s diet?
smiling baby
Treating diarrhea, fever and more.
Middle school band practice
Understanding your child’s changing body.

worried kid
jennifer aniston
Measles virus
sick child

Child with adhd
rl with friends
Syringes and graph illustration