ultrasound uses reflected sound waves to produce a
picture of the organs and other structures in the upper abdomen. Sometimes a
specialized ultrasound is ordered for a detailed evaluation of a specific
organ, such as a kidney ultrasound. An abdominal ultrasound can evaluate
aorta, which is the large blood vessel (artery) that
passes down the back of the chest and abdomen. The aorta supplies blood to the
lower part of the body and the legs.
Liver, which is
a large dome-shaped organ that lies under the rib cage on the right side of the
abdomen. The liver produces bile (a substance that helps digest fat), stores
sugars, and breaks down many of the body's waste products.
Gallbladder, which is a small sac-shaped organ beneath the
liver that stores bile. When food is eaten, the gallbladder
contracts, sending bile into the intestines to help in digesting food and
absorbing fat-soluble vitamins.
is the soft, round organ that helps fight infection and filters old red blood
cells. The spleen is located to the left of the stomach, just behind the lower
is the gland located in the upper abdomen that produces
enzymes that help digest food. The digestive enzymes
are then released into the intestines. The pancreas also releases
insulin into the bloodstream. Insulin helps the body
use sugars for energy.
are the pair of bean-shaped organs located behind the upper abdominal cavity.
The kidneys remove wastes from the blood and produce urine.
A pelvic ultrasound evaluates the structures and organs in
the lower abdominal area (pelvis).