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amiodarone oral

Amiodarone/Grapefruit Juice Interaction

This information is generalized and not intended as specific medical advice. Consult your healthcare professional before taking or discontinuing any drug, changing your diet or commencing any course of treatment.

Medical warning:

Most important. A change in your diet, medicine, or dosage is likely to be necessary. Promptly consult your doctor or pharmacist.

How the interaction occurs:

Amiodarone is processed by enzymes in your intestine to its active form. Grapefruit juice contains compounds that slow down this process.

What might happen:

Your amiodarone might not be able to control problems associated with your heart rate and rhythm.

What you should do about this interaction:

While you are taking this medicine, you should not eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice at any time. You may choose an alternative citrus beverage (such as orange juice). In the event that you are instructed by a healthcare professional (e.g., doctor, pharmacist, or dietitian) to eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice, you should immediately discuss with doctor the effects of grapefruit on the blood levels of this medicine.Your healthcare professionals may be aware of this interaction and may be monitoring you for it. Do not start, stop, or change your medicine or diet before checking with them first.

References:

1.Trivier JM, Libersa C, Belloc C, Lhermitte M. Amiodarone N-deethylation in human liver microsomes: involvement of cytochrome P450 3A enzymes (first report). Life Sci 1993;52(10):PL91-6.
2.Fabre G, Julian B, Saint-Aubert B, Joyeux H, Berger Y. Evidence for CYP3A-mediated N-deethylation of amiodarone in human liver microsomal fractions. Drug Metab Dispos 1993 Nov-Dec;21(6):978-85.
3.Cordarone (amiodarone hydrochloride) US prescribing information. Wyeth Pharmaceuticals January, 2014.
4.Libersa CC, Brique SA, Motte KB, Caron JF, Guedon-Moreau LM, Humbert L, Vincent A, Devos P, Lhermitte MA. Dramatic inhibition of amiodarone metabolism induced by grapefruit juice. Br J Clin Pharmacol 2000 Apr; 49(4):373-8.

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