Ophthalmologists are medical doctors (MDs) who specialize in eye
care. Ophthalmology is a surgical subspecialty. Ophthalmologists are licensed
by state medical boards to practice medicine and are usually board-certified in
ophthalmology. Ophthalmologists are certified to:
While painful and unsightly, most styes heal within a few days on their own or with simple treatment. Chalazia, too, often disappear on their own, but it might take a month or more.
Typical treatment for a sty consists of applying warm compresses to the affected eye for 10 to 15 minutes twice to four times daily for several days. This not only relieves pain and inflammation, but also helps the stye resolve faster. Be sure to close your eye while using the compresses. When the stye comes to a head,...
Diagnose refractive errors and prescribe
Detect signs of disease and refer you to an
Administer diagnostic drugs.
and treat eye diseases and prescribe therapeutic drugs (in most states).
Perform some eye surgery (in some states).
Opticians are skilled technicians. They do not test vision, prescribe
corrective lenses, or diagnose or treat eye diseases. Some states require
completion of a 2-year training program or a 3-year apprenticeship for a
license. Others have no formal requirements. Opticians can:
Adjust eyeglass frames for comfort and proper lens
Clean and polish contact lenses.
Making the choice
Both ophthalmologists and optometrists can diagnose refractive
errors, such as nearsightedness, and prescribe corrective lenses, such as
glasses or contact lenses.
Ophthalmologists can diagnose all disorders that affect the eye.
They can carry out any medical or surgical treatment.
In a few states, even where they are allowed to administer
diagnostic drugs, optometrists are not allowed to diagnose or treat eye
disease. They may observe signs of disease and refer you to an ophthalmologist.
On average, optometrists charge less for routine eye exams than
ophthalmologists. You may also be able to get an appointment with an
optometrist sooner than with an ophthalmologist. Optometrists are more likely
than ophthalmologists to offer evening and weekend appointments.
Primary Medical Reviewer
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Christopher J. Rudnisky, MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology
June 24, 2011
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
June 24, 2011
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
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