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Nearsightedness: Related Inherited Diseases - Topic Overview

Most inherited eye diseases that can cause or be associated with nearsightedness are rare. Common inherited diseases include:

  • Nyctalopia (night blindness).
  • Achromatopsia (disease of the cones or rods in the retina).
  • Nystagmus (rhythmic jerking movements of the eyes).
  • Keratoconus (progressive thinning of the central cornea, which gives the cornea a cone-shaped appearance).
  • Retinitis pigmentosa (degeneration of the retina that affects night vision and side [peripheral] vision).
  • Infantile glaucoma.

Other genetic diseases associated with nearsightedness include:

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  • Certain rare connective tissue disorders.
  • Albinism, a genetic pigment deficiency that causes milky skin, white hair, and pink or blue eyes.
  • Down syndrome.
  • Homocystinuria, a genetic condition that causes developmental delays, failure to thrive, and neurological abnormalities.
  • Turner syndrome, which causes short stature and lack of sexual development at puberty in females.
  • Trisomy 22, which causes severe intellectual disability and eye defects.

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: June 24, 2011
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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