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    Ankle Fracture Treatment

    Call 911 if the person:

    • Is bleeding uncontrollably
    • Has a numb, cold, pale, or blue ankle/foot
    • Is unable to move the foot
    • Is in shock (faint, pale, with rapid shallow breathing)

    • Is bleeding uncontrollably
    • Has a numb, cold, pale, or blue ankle/foot
    • Is unable to move the foot
    • Is in shock (faint, pale, with rapid shallow breathing)

    1. Leave Protruding Bone Alone

    • If a bone has broken through the skin, don't push it back into place. Cover the area with a clean bandage and seek immediate medical attention.

    2. Stop Bleeding

    • Apply steady, direct pressure with a cloth for 15 minutes and elevate the wound. If blood soaks through, apply another cloth over the first and seek immediate medical attention.

    3. Control Swelling

    • Remove ankle bracelets or toe rings.

    If medical attention is not immediately available, apply RICE therapy:

    • Rest ankle by having the person stay off of it. Use crutches if necessary.
    • Ice area. Use an ice pack or wrap the ice in a clean cloth. Do not place ice directly against the skin.
    • Compress by wrapping ankle lightly (not tightly) with an "ace" bandage or elastic ankle brace. Do not try to align the bones.
    • Elevate ankle above heart level.

    4. Manage Pain and Inflammation

    5. See a Doctor as Soon as Possible

    6. Follow Up

    • The doctor will examine and X-ray the ankle, leg, and foot. The doctor also may do a CT or CAT scan, or an MRI to determine if surgery is needed.
    • If needed, the doctor will set the broken bone back in place and immobilize the ankle with a splint, cast, or other device. Surgery may be necessary to repair the break.

    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by David T. Derrer, MD on November 27, 2015

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