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First Aid & Emergencies

Stroke Treatment

Call 911 if the person has:

  • Numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or legs -- especially on just one side of the body
  • Slurred or unusual speech
  • Trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • Trouble walking, dizziness, or balance problems
  • Sudden confusion
  • Severe headache
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  • Numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or legs -- especially on just one side of the body
  • Slurred or unusual speech
  • Trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • Trouble walking, dizziness, or balance problems
  • Sudden confusion
  • Severe headache

1. Note Time When Symptoms First Appeared

  • Tell emergency personnel the exact time when you first noticed symptoms.
  • Depending on the type of stroke, there is a medicine that may reduce long-term effects if given within four and a half hours of the first symptom appearing. Sooner is better.
  • If the person is diabetic, check the blood glucose (sugar) level. Treat low glucose with a glucose tablet, glass of orange juice or other sugary drink or food, or a glucagon injection (if the person is not able to swallow).

 

 

2. Follow Up

  • At the hospital, a doctor will examine the person and run tests to see if the stroke was caused by clots or from bleeding in the brain. Tests may include an MRI or a CT scan.
  • Treatment may include medication, lifestyle changes, and possibly surgery.

 

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Scott Keller, MD on November 21, 2013

First Aid A-Z

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