Care for a Skin Wound - Topic Overview
Skin wounds, including animal or human bites, need thorough cleaning to reduce the risk of
infection and scarring and to promote healing.
You may be able to do this yourself for minor wounds. You'll have to stop any bleeding, clean the wound, and perhaps bandage the wound.
Stop the bleeding
Before you clean the wound, try to stop the bleeding.
- Put on medical gloves, if available, before applying direct pressure to the wound. If gloves aren't available,
put something else between your hands and the wound. You can use many layers of clean cloth, plastic bags, or the cleanest material available.
Use your bare hands to apply direct pressure only as a last resort.
- Hold direct pressure on the wound, if possible, and elevate the injured area.
- Remove or cut clothing from around the wound. Remove any jewelry from the general area of the wound so
if the area swells, the jewelry will not affect blood flow.
- Apply steady, direct pressure for a full 15 minutes. Use a clock—15 minutes can seem like a long time. Resist
the urge to peek after a few minutes to see whether bleeding has stopped. If blood soaks through the cloth,
apply another one without lifting the first. If there is an object in the wound, apply pressure around the object,
not directly over it.
- If moderate to severe bleeding has not slowed or stopped, continue direct pressure while getting help. Do not
use a tourniquet to stop the bleeding. Do all you can to keep the wound clean and avoid further injury to the
- Mild bleeding usually stops on its own or slows to an ooze or trickle after 15 minutes of pressure. It may ooze
or trickle for up to 45 minutes.
Clean the wound
If you are not going to see your doctor immediately, rinse the wound for at least 5 to 10 minutes. Let the injured person clean his or her own wound, if
- Wash your hands well with soap and water, if available.
- Put on medical gloves before cleaning the wound, if available.
- Remove large pieces of dirt or other debris from the wound with cleaned tweezers. Do not push the tweezers
deeply into the wound.
- Wash the wound under running tap water (the more the better) to remove all the dirt, debris, and bacteria from
the wound. Lukewarm water and mild soap, such as Ivory dishwashing soap, are the best. (Note: If you are
cleaning a wound near the eye, don't get soap in the eye.)
- Scrub gently with a washcloth. (Moderate scrubbing may be needed if the wound is very dirty.) Hard
scrubbing may actually cause more damage to the tissue and increase the chance of infection. Scrubbing
the wound will probably hurt and may increase bleeding, but it is necessary to clean the wound thoroughly.
- If you have a water sprayer in your kitchen sink, try using the sprayer to wash the wound. This usually
removes most of the dirt and other objects from the wound. Avoid getting any spray from the wound into
- Large, minor, dirty wounds may be easier to clean in the shower.
- If some dirt or other debris remains in the wound, repeat the cleaning.