Green Tips for a Cool Summer
A green guide for keeping your home cool this summer, from simple steps to bigger projects.
Keeping a Cool House From the Outside In
Shading from the inside with curtains and blinds is a good first step, but shading from the outside can be even better.
One of the least expensive ways to do this is by installing awnings. The Department of Energy estimates that awnings can reduce solar heat gain – the amount the temperature rises – in your house by as much as 77%. Patio covers can also shade from the outside.
Other more costly exterior shade options include woven mesh solar screens that hang outside, solar control windows, and reflective film on windows. Window film, which is actually a microscopic layer of metal that repels solar radiation, can block anywhere from 50% to 70% of solar heat.
Regional Solutions for Keeping Your House Cool
Depending on where you live, two other cost-effective solutions can be a big help.
Dehumidifiers. In regions such as the Southeast, humidity makes hot air feel hotter than it actually is. “If you take the humidity out of the air, the temperature feels much cooler,” Pope says. “Dehumidifiers are not too expensive and they’re much more energy-efficient than a whole air conditioning system.”
Swamp coolers. In desert climates, people used to sleep in screened-in porches, sometimes hanging wet blankets or sheets inside the screen and using a fan to help draw the air through the moist fabric. Evaporative coolers, also known as swamp coolers, operate on the same principle. They draw in fresh air from the outside, pulling it in through moist pads and circulating it with a big fan.
Swamp coolers can be costly -- from $200 to $700, plus installation. But they can lower the temperature of outside air as much 30 degrees and use up to 75% less energy than air conditioners.
Despite their name, swamp coolers are only effective in dry climates.