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Kidney Stones Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Kidney Stones

  1. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) for Kidney Stones

    Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) uses sound waves (also called shock waves) to break a kidney stone into small pieces that can more easily travel through the urinary tract and pass from the body. See an illustration of ESWL.You lie on a water - filled cushion, and the surgeon uses X - rays or ultrasound tests to precisely locate the stone. High - energy sound waves pass through your bo

  2. Kidney Stones - Cause

    Kidney stones may form when the normal balance of water, salts, minerals, and other substances found in urine changes. How this balance changes determines the type of kidney stone you have. Most kidney stones are calcium - type-they form when the calcium

  3. Kidney Stones - What Happens

    A kidney stone begins as a tiny piece of mineral in the kidney. When the urine leaves the kidney, it may carry the mineral out, or the mineral may stay in the kidney. If the piece of mineral stays in the kidney, over time more small pieces of mineral join

  4. Medical History and Physical Exam for Kidney Stones

    Your first diagnosis of kidney stones often occurs when you are in great pain. Your doctor will ask a few questions and examine you before suggesting treatment. After you pass a stone, your doctor may give you another exam to find out if you are likely to have more stones in the future.All or some of the following questions may be asked at your initial and follow - up exams.Lifestyle questionsHow

  5. Open Surgery for Kidney Stones

    In open surgery to remove kidney stones, the surgeon uses an incision in the person's abdomen or side to reach the kidney and remove the stones.

  6. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy or Nephrolithotripsy for Kidney Stones

    In percutaneous nephrolithotomy or nephrolithotripsy, the surgeon makes a small incision in your back to remove kidney stones. He or she then puts a hollow tube into your kidney and a probe through the tube. In nephrolithotomy, the surgeon removes the stone through the tube. In nephrolithotripsy, he or she breaks the stone up and then removes the fragments of the stone through the tube.See an ...

  7. Foods High in Oxalate - Topic Overview

    Oxalate is a compound found in some foods,and it is also produced as a waste product by the body. It exits the body through the urine. Too much oxalate may cause kidney stones in some people. Foods high in oxalate include: Beans. Beer. Beets. Berries. Chocolate. Coffee. Cranberries. Dark green vegetables,such as spinach. Nuts. Oranges. Rhubarb. Soda (cola). Sweet potatoes. Tea. ...

  8. Kidney Stones - Prevention

    Get tips on preventing kidney stones, including drinking more fluids.

  9. Kidney Stones - Medications

    Medicine you can buy without a prescription, such as nonsteroidal anti - inflammatories (NSAIDs), may relieve your pain. Your doctor can give you stronger pain medicine if needed. NSAIDs include aspirin, ibuprofen (such as Motrin and Advil), and ketoprofe

  10. Kidney Stones - Topic Overview

    Learn about kidney stones, how they form, and what happens to them in your urinary tract.

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