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Kidney Stones Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Kidney Stones

  1. Topic Overview

    Some medicines make it more likely that you will develop a specific type of kidney stone. Calcium stones Medicines that make you more likely to develop calcium stones include: Loop diuretics,such as furosemide and acetazolamide. Some antacids. Glucocorticoids,such as dexamethasone. Theophylline. Vitamins C and D can increase your risk of calcium stones when you take more than the daily ...

  2. Kidney Stones: Preventing Kidney Stones Through Diet

    If you have kidney stones, your doctor or dietitian may talk with you about an eating plan to help prevent new stones. The most common types of kidney stones are calcium and oxalate. Each type may require a different eating plan. There are certain foods you can have, and other foods you should avoid, to reduce the chance that you will get kidney stones again.

  3. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) for Kidney Stones

    Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) uses sound waves (also called shock waves) to break a kidney stone into small pieces that can more easily travel through the urinary tract and pass from the body. See an illustration of ESWL.You lie on a water - filled cushion, and the surgeon uses X - rays or ultrasound tests to precisely locate the stone. High - energy sound waves pass through your bo

  4. Topic Overview

    There are four main types of kidney stones. Calcium stones Nearly 80 out of 100 kidney stones (80%) are made of calcium compounds,especially calcium oxalate. 1 Calcium phosphate and other minerals also may be present. Conditions that cause high calcium levels in the body,such as hyperparathyroidism,increase the risk of calcium stones. High levels of oxalate also increase the risk for ...

  5. Thiazides for Kidney Stones

    Drug details for Thiazides for kidney stones.

  6. Penicillamine for Kidney Stones

    Drug details for Penicillamine for kidney stones.

  7. Topic Overview

    The parathyroid glands are four tiny glands located within the thyroid gland in the neck. They produce parathyroid hormone,which helps control the amount of calcium in the blood. If your parathyroid gland is too big (enlarged),it can cause your body to produce too much parathyroid hormone (hyperparathyroidism),which may lead to too much calcium in the urine. This makes it more likely you ...

  8. Potassium Citrate for Kidney Stones

    Drug details for Potassium citrate for kidney stones.

  9. Urease Inhibitors for Kidney Stones

    Drug details for Urease inhibitors for kidney stones.

  10. Ureteroscopy

    The surgeon, often a urologist, passes a thin viewing instrument (ureteroscope) through the tube from the bladder out of the body (urethra) into the bladder, and then into the ureter to the location of the kidney stone. He or she makes no cuts in the body.See an illustration of ureteroscopy.The urologist removes the kidney stone using an instrument with a "basket" to grab the stone or forceps. ...

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