Things that can trigger a migraine headache include foods, drinks, activities and exercise, medications, stress, too much or too little sleep, bright lights, hunger, odors, and hormones, among other factors.
To figure out what causes your migraines, print the list below. Then check for triggers at the first signs of a headache. Review the list every few weeks or months to see if you can spot a pattern. Chances are, the items that get the most checks are your triggers.
Headache treatment depends largely on determining the cause of the headache. Tension headaches can usually be treated by the use of over-the counter pain relievers such as Tylenol, Motrin, or even aspirin. When tension or stress is the cause, nondrug options may include massage to relieve muscle tension, yoga and other forms of exercise, and working less when possible.
The treatment of migraine headaches is somewhat more involved and may involve a number of different approaches to the pain. (Please...
American Headache Society: "Headache Hygiene Tips."
The International Headache Society: "Epidemiology of Headache."
The Migraine Trust: "Your Triggers."
National Headache Foundation: "Migraine."