Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started
My Medicine

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Font Size

Promise and Peril in Gene Therapy Human Trials

WebMD Health News

Feb. 25, 2000 (Boston) -- The death last September of an 18-year-old student who was enrolled in a gene therapy clinical trial has raised troubling questions about patient safety in experiments using humans. But equally troubling, investigators say, is the prospect that safety fears could jeopardize support for research into life-saving experimental therapies.

"I'm not a gene therapy person, but I am a person who is interested in having science help the human condition," says Ron DePinho, MD, an American Cancer Society research professor at the Dana Farber Cancer Institute at Harvard Medical School in Boston. "It's very important to keep in mind that we would not be in the position we would be in now, with 70% of kids surviving cancer, were it not for all of the clinical trials of the past four decades. Many kids were subjected to treatments that didn't end up working, and they ended up dying."

DePinho and other researchers are worried that recent news reports about deaths or medical complications in patients who were enrolled in gene therapy trials could make regulatory and funding agencies, such as the FDA and the National Institutes of Health, skittish about approving new trials. This could scare off people who might otherwise benefit from experimental therapies. In addition, concerns about the future of genetics research could dissuade fresh young talent from entering the field, seasoned researchers warn.

After 18-year-old Jesse Gelsinger died in September 1999, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania were forced to halt a trial of gene therapy that used a modified cold virus to deliver genes into the body. These genes had the potential to correct the underlying defect in Gelsinger and other patients with a rare disease called ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency.

This disease is caused by a genetic deficiency that interferes with the body's ability to remove ammonia from the blood stream. When ammonia builds up in the body, it can cause irreversible brain damage or death if it is not treated.

According to a written statement from the University of Pennsylvania, "The most significant factor in [Gelsinger's] death was oxygen deprivation brought on by Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) -- a severe lung dysfunction not seen previously in any study animals or clinical trial volunteers. Although analysis of the findings is ongoing, it is the belief of the investigators that the injection of the [modified virus] triggered the sequence of events that led to Mr. Gelsinger's death."

1 | 2 | 3

WebMD Video: Now Playing

Click here to wach video: Dirty Truth About Hand Washing

Which sex is the worst about washing up? Why is it so important? We’ve got the dirty truth on how and when to wash your hands.

Click here to watch video: Dirty Truth About Hand Washing