Other medicines may be used along with anesthesia, such as ones to help you relax or to reverse the effects of anesthesia.
What are the types of anesthesia?
Local anesthesiaLocal anesthesia numbs a small part of the body for minor procedures. For example, you may get a shot of medicine directly into the surgical area to block pain. You may stay awake during the procedure.
Peripheral nerve blocks. This is
a shot of anesthetic to block pain
around a specific nerve or group of nerves. Blocks are often used
for procedures on the hands, arms, feet, legs, or face.
and spinal anesthesia. This is a shot of anesthetic near the spinal cord and
the nerves that connect to it. It blocks pain from an entire region of the
body, such as the belly, hips, or legs.
General anesthesiaGeneral anesthesia affects your brain and the rest of your body. You may get some anesthetics through a vein (intravenously, or IV), and you
may breathe in some anesthetics. With general anesthesia, you're unconscious and you don't feel pain
during the surgery.
What determines the type of anesthesia used?
The type of anesthesia used depends on several things:
Your past and current health. This includes other surgeries you have had and the health problems you
have, such as
heart disease or
diabetes. Tell your doctor if you or any
family members have had a serious reaction to anesthetics or other medicines.
The type of surgery. For example, you may need general anesthesia to ensure your comfort and safety during certain types of surgery.
Your doctor or nurse may prefer one type of anesthesia over
another for your surgery. In some cases, your doctor or nurse may let you
choose which type to have. Sometimes, such as in an emergency, you don't get