To prevent your
child from choking, use care when you select and prepare food. Do not give round, firm foods to children younger than age 4 unless the food is chopped completely.1 Foods that can be choking hazards include:
Seeds (for example, sunflower or watermelon).
Chunks of peanut butter.
Chunks of meat or cheese.
Hard or sticky candy.
Fruit chunks, such as apple chunks.
Prepare food for young children in ways that reduce their
risk of choking. Some examples include:
Fruit with skins or pits, such as apples or apricots. Remove pits
and peel fruits before giving them to your child. Fruits can also be diced or
cooked and mashed.
Fish or chicken with bones. Carefully cut the meat off the bone and
then into small pieces. Check meat thoroughly for any signs of bones.
Peanut butter. A spoonful of peanut butter can block the windpipe.
Peanut butter can also stick to the lining of the throat and windpipe, making a
child unable to breathe. Only allow peanut butter that is spread thinly on a
slice of bread or a cracker.
Hot dogs and sausages.
Slice and dice these meats. You may want to remove the skin before cutting
Grapes. Peel and mash grapes before serving.
Beans (green, string, lima, kidney, and others the size of a marble
or larger). Mash before serving.
Peas. Although peas are small individually, a child who eats more
than one pea at a time may choke.
Whole carrots. A child may break off too big of a bite and choke.
Cook carrots and cut them into smaller pieces or cut raw carrots into thin
Committee on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention, American Academy of Pediatrics (2010). Prevention of choking among children. Pediatrics, 125(3): 601-607.
Primary Medical Reviewer
Susan C. Kim, MD - Pediatrics
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Thomas Emmett Francoeur, MD, MDCM, CSPQ, FRCPC - Pediatrics
January 26, 2011
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
January 26, 2011
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
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