Medicine may be used to destroy
genital warts, relieve your symptoms, and reduce the
amount of area affected by warts, particularly when the warts are:
Visible, bothersome, and growing in a small
A cosmetic concern and you want them removed. Warts that are
growing around the anus or on external genitals, such as on the penis or
vulva, may be removed because they are unsightly. Some
treatments that remove genital warts are more likely to leave scars. So
cosmetic concerns about scarring may help guide the choice of treatment.
Topical medicine often is the first treatment. For safety,
a doctor will apply the topical medicines that could damage the skin around the
warts. You can apply other medicines at home. If warts return after one course
of treatment with topical medicine, they are treated again only if there are
clear reasons for retreatment.
If you're a woman wanting to prevent sexual problems, avoid alcohol and recreational drugs that can lessen sexual desire or impair your sexual response. Keep existing medical conditions such as diabetes under control.
Discuss side effects of medications with your doctor or pharmacist in case an alternative with fewer sexual effects is available.
Relaxed, clear teaching to promote understanding of one's body and of sexual functioning, emphasizing the importance and normalcy of sexuality, is critical...
Medicines are not used to treat
abnormal cell changes found on a Pap test. For more information on treating
abnormal cell changes caused by high-risk HPV, see the topic
Abnormal Pap Test.
Treatment applied at home
medicines can be applied to the affected area (topical treatment) at
(such as Aldara)
Podofilox lotion or gel (such as Condylox)
Sinecatechins (such as Veregen)
Do not use these medicines during pregnancy.
Imiquimod and podofilox are typically the most effective medicine options
that can be applied at home. Read the instructions carefully before using these
Treatment applied by a doctor
Treatment by a
Treat areas that you cannot reach
Treat a large area.
Remove the warts
Medicines applied by a doctor include:
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) or bichloroacetic acid (BCA).
(injected into wart lesion)
(such as Efudex).
Treatment during pregnancy
Treatment for pregnant women includes trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and
bichloroacetic acid (BCA), which have been found to be both effective and safe.
Podophyllin resin, interferon, and fluorouracil should not be used during
pregnancy, because they can harm the fetus.