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4. Use Cold Compresses to Relieve the Itch

Try using a damp, cold washcloth, or cover an ice pack in a soft towel. Hold the compress to your child's skin for a few minutes or as needed to help relieve itch.

You can repeat as necessary throughout the day.

5. Keep Itchy Skin Covered

Young children may be less likely to scratch their skin when it's covered up.

"For some reason, young children often start to scratch as soon as their clothes are removed," Eichenfield says.

To keep your child most comfortable, choose loose-fitting, comfortable clothing. Cotton and cotton blends are generally preferred. Wool and some synthetic fabrics can irritate skin and lead to more scratching.

6. Try a Distraction to Forget About Itchy Skin

Many children with eczema find their itch seems worst at bedtime. Finding a distraction from the itchiness can help them relax and go to sleep.

Some parents have found massaging their child's face at bedtime to be a useful distraction technique. Try using a bit of moisturizer on your index fingers to massage your child's face.

Gently rubbing your child's back or legs can help, too.

7. Use Eczema Medications

Medications for eczema can help relieve itch and control the condition. Treatments such as topical steroids are especially useful if your child has eczema that doesn't clear up with other measures.

"Some parents are afraid to use these medications," Eichenfield says. "But when used properly, they are very safe and highly effective."

8. Be Willing to Try Different Anti-Itch Strategies

Experiment with various ways of stopping scratching, and learn a few methods that work for your child. Keep in mind that what is helpful one day may not work on another day. It can be useful to have backup strategies ready.