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Endometriosis - Exams and Tests

To see whether your symptoms are caused by endometriosis, your doctor first will:

  • Talk to you about your family and medical history, symptoms, and menstrual periods.
  • Do a pelvic exam. This often includes checking both the vagina and rectum.

If your exam, symptoms, and risk factors strongly suggest that you have endometriosis, your doctor may suggest that you first try a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and/or hormone therapy before you have other tests. If treatment improves your symptoms after a few months, the diagnosis of endometriosis is more certain.

Recommended Related to Endometriosis

Understanding Endometriosis -- Symptoms

Endometriosis symptoms vary, and some women have no symptoms. Pain and infertility are the most common symptoms. In women who are able to conceive, symptoms may get better during pregnancy, but they may return after having the baby. Here are other symptoms: Irregular periods. In 15%-20% of cases there is premenstrual spotting. Periods that are unusually heavy, especially if they produce large clots and last more than seven days Pain that gets worse during your period Pain during ...

Read the Understanding Endometriosis -- Symptoms article > >

Laparoscopy

Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure used to diagnose and treat endometriosis. If your doctor recommends a laparoscopy, it will be used to look for and possibly remove implants and scar tissue. But laparoscopy is not always needed. It is usually done when infertility requires rapid treatment and probable surgery or when treatment has not relieved pain or infertility.

Tests for ovarian cysts or other problems

If your doctor feels an abnormal mass during the pelvic exam, you may have a cyst on the ovary (ovarian endometrioma) or another problem. You may need a transvaginal ultrasound, a CT scan, or an MRI.

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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