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    Endometriosis - Exams and Tests

    To see whether your symptoms are caused by endometriosis, your doctor first will:

    • Talk to you about your family and medical history, symptoms, and menstrual periods.
    • Do a pelvic exam. This often includes checking both the vagina and rectum.

    If your exam, symptoms, and risk factors strongly suggest that you have endometriosis, your doctor may suggest that you first try a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and/or hormone therapy before you have other tests. If treatment improves your symptoms after a few months, the diagnosis of endometriosis is more certain.

    Recommended Related to Endometriosis

    Endometriosis Patient Education Center

    Visit WebMD's Women's Health Health Center • Newly Diagnosed? Find help here. • Healthwise from WebMD: Endometriosis Overview • Your Guide to Endometriosis: Get Information from the Cleveland Clinic • WebMD Member Story: Searching for a Solution • Reach Out: Endometriosis Support Group Message Board • Reach Out: OB-Gyn Issues Message Board with Jane Harrison-Hohner, RN, RNP

    Read the Endometriosis Patient Education Center article > >

    Laparoscopy

    Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure used to diagnose and treat endometriosis. If your doctor recommends a laparoscopy, it will be used to look for and possibly remove implants and scar tissue. But laparoscopy is not always needed. It is usually done when infertility requires rapid treatment and probable surgery or when treatment has not relieved pain or infertility.

    Tests for ovarian cysts or other problems

    If your doctor feels an abnormal mass during the pelvic exam, you may have a cyst on the ovary (ovarian endometrioma) or another problem. You may need a transvaginal ultrasound, a CT scan, or an MRI.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: March 12, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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