IMAGES PROVIDED BY:
Mayo Clinic: “Polycystic kidney disease.”
PKD Foundation: “Living with PKD,” “Balancing hydration and nutrition for PKD patients,” The top four things you should know about water,” “Nutrition.”
Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease: “Evaluation and Management of Pain in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease.”
Polycystic Kidney Disease Charity: “Managing ADPKD Pain,” “Relationships and Sex,” “Help and Support.”
Piedmont Healthcare: “When to treat pain with ice vs. heat.”
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: “What Is Polycystic Kidney Disease?”
General Medicine: “Effects of Smoking on ADPKD: Frequency of Vascular Events and Concentrations of Soluble CD-40 Ligand.”
Harvard Medical School: “Importance of Sleep: Six reasons not to scrimp on sleep.”
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: “Overweight and Obesity Are Predictors of Progression in Early Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease.”
National Health Service: “Keeping your kidneys healthy,” “Benefits of love and sex.”
National Kidney Foundation: “Polycystic Kidney Disease,” “Reducing Stress to Reduce PKD Symptoms.”
Reviewed by Neha Pathak, MD on December 09, 2021
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THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.