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What happens during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle?

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�Once it releases its egg, the empty follicle develops into a new structure called the corpus luteum.

�The corpus luteum makes the hormone progesterone, which prepares the uterus for a fertilized egg to implant.

�If a man's sperm has fertilized the egg, the fertilized egg will travel through the fallopian tube to implant in the uterus.

�If the egg is not fertilized, it passes through the uterus. The lining of the uterus breaks down and sheds, and the next menstrual period begins.

SOURCES:
National Institutes of Health.
The Merck Manual.
American Society of Reproductive Medicine.

Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson on December 12, 2018

SOURCES:
National Institutes of Health.
The Merck Manual.
American Society of Reproductive Medicine.

Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson on December 12, 2018

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