photo of
Click to Download and Print PDF

Show Sources

UpToDate: "Chronic spontaneous urticaria: treatment of refractory symptoms."
American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology: "Hives (Urticaria) and Angioedema Overview."
DermNet New Zealand Trust: "Chronic spontaneous urticaria."
Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology Research: "Prevalence and Risk Factors of Urticaria With a Focus on Chronic Urticaria in Children."
Annals of Dermatology: "Can Body Mass Index and/or Waist Circumference Be the Risk Factors of Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria?: A Nationwide Population-Based Study."
Medicine: "Risk factors of chronic urticaria among nurses with insomnia: a nationwide, population-based study."
Dermatology Practical & Conceptual: "Diet and Chronic Urticaria: Dietary Modification as a Treatment Strategy."
NHS inform: "Urticaria (hives)."
Emergency Medicine Journal: "Histamine fish poisoning: a common but frequently misdiagnosed condition."
American Academy of Dermatology: "10 Ways to Get Relief From Chronic Hives."
American Osteopathic College of Dermatology: "Urticaria."
American Lung Association: "Pet Dander."
Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy: "Hives (Urticaria)."