When you have the rare but treatable disorder known as aplastic anemia, your marrow -- the spongy stuff inside your bones -- stops making new blood cells. Sometimes it stops making just one type, but more often you become low on all three: red and white cells, and platelets.
It can develop slowly or come on suddenly. If your blood count gets low enough, it can be life-threatening.
At this time, there is no simple way to prevent hemophilia in someone who inherits a defective gene and thus produces too little clotting factor. If hemophilia runs in your family, you can be tested to see whether you carry the defective gene and receive counseling about your chance for having children with hemophilia.
Gene therapy clinical trials began in early 1999 in an attempt to cure hemophilia, and in vitro fertilization may allow selection and implantation of embryos that lack the hemophilia...
Anyone can get aplastic anemia, but it's more likely to happen to people in their late teens and early 20s, and the elderly. Males and females have about an equal chance of getting it. It is more common in developing countries.
There are two different types:
Acquired aplastic anemia
Inherited aplastic anemia
Doctors will check to determine which you have.
Inherited aplastic anemia is caused by gene defects, and is most common in children and young adults. If you have this type, there is a higher chance of developing leukemia and other cancers, so see a specialist regularly.
Acquired aplastic anemia is more common in adults. Researchers believe something triggers problems in the immune system. The possibilities include: