Physical therapy is one of the best choices you can make when you have long-term pain (also called chronic pain) or an injury. It makes you stronger and helps you move and feel better.
Ask your doctor to recommend a physical therapist. You'll probably need a series of PT sessions, and you should practice some of the exercises at home for the best results.
Physical therapists have a lot of training. Still, it’s a good idea to ask them about their experience in working with people who've had conditions like yours. You can also ask them how many sessions you'll need.
How Does Physical Therapy Treat Pain?
Physical therapists are experts not only in treating pain but also its source. Yours will look for areas of weakness or stiffness that may be adding stress to the places that hurt. And they will treat those areas with certain exercises to reduce pain and help you move better.
In a physical therapy session, you may do more than one of these things:
Low-impact aerobic training. These workouts will rev up your heart rate and still take it easy on your joints. For instance, you might walk fast or use a stationary bike to warm up, instead of running, before you do your strengthening exercises.
Strengthening exercises. You might use machines at your physical therapist’s office, resistance bands, or your own body weight (think lunges, squats, and push-ups). You may work on your core muscles (belly, glutes, and back), as well as other parts of your body.
Pain relief exercises. These moves target areas where you have pain, so you're stronger and more flexible -- which should make it easier to live your life.
Stretching. This will be gentle, and your therapist will make sure that you're warmed up and you don’t stretch too far.
Your physical therapist may prescribe exercises to do at home.
What Else Might I Do?
During your sessions, your therapist may also use:
Heat and ice packs. Ice calms inflammation. Heat warms up your muscles so they move better. Both reduce pain.