What is malaria?
Malaria is a serious disease that causes a high
fever and chills. You can get it from a bite by an infected mosquito. Malaria
is rare in the United States. It is most often found in Africa, Southern Asia,
Central America, and South America.
What causes malaria?
Malaria is caused by a bite from a mosquito
infected with parasites. In very rare cases, people can get malaria
if they come into contact with infected blood. A developing fetus may get the disease from its mother. You cannot
get malaria just by being near a person who has the disease.
What are the symptoms?
Most malaria infections
cause symptoms like the flu, such as a high fever, chills, and muscle pain.
Symptoms tend to come and go in cycles. One type of malaria may cause more
serious problems, such as damage to the heart, lungs, kidneys, or brain. It can
even be deadly.
How is malaria diagnosed?
Your doctor will order a blood test to check for
the malaria parasite in your blood.
How is it treated?
Medicines usually can treat the illness. But some
malaria parasites may survive because they are in your liver or they are
resistant to the medicine.
Call a doctor
right away if you have been in an area where malaria is present, were exposed
to mosquitoes, and get symptoms that are like the flu. These include a high
fever, chills, and muscle pain.
How is malaria prevented?
You may be able to prevent malaria by taking
medicine before, during, and after travel to an area where malaria is present.
But using medicine to prevent malaria doesn't always work. This is partly due
to the parasites being resistant to some medicines in some parts of the
Frequently Asked Questions