Sepsis is an extreme immune system response to an infection that
has spread throughout the blood and tissues. Severe sepsis, also called septic shock, often causes
extremely low blood pressure, which limits blood flow to the body and can
result in organ failure and death.
Symptoms of sepsis include either fever or low body temperature,
rapid breathing, chills and shaking, rapid heartbeat, decreased urine output,
and confusion or delirium.
Cholera is an infectious disease that causes severe watery diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration and even death if untreated. It is caused by eating food or drinking water contaminated with a bacterium called Vibrio cholerae.
Cholera was prevalent in the U.S. in the 1800s, before modern water and sewage treatment systems eliminated its spread by contaminated water. Only about 10 cases of cholera are reported each year in the U.S. and half of these are acquired abroad. Rarely, contaminated...
Sepsis is most often the result of a bacterial infection, but it
can also be caused by other types of infection. Sepsis can occur in
people of any age, but it is more common in infants, older adults, and people who
have compromised immune systems.
Sepsis is treated with antibiotics, fluids, and medicines to
support blood pressure and prevent organ damage.