Hyperactivity: Medical Reality or Convenient Excuse?
The mainstay of treatment for ADHD is stimulant medication,
such as methylphenidate (Ritalin). Numerous short-term studies have shown that
these agents are safe and effective, although long-term data are scarce. While
adolescents without ADHD have been known to abuse stimulants, this is very rare
among ADHD sufferers. Stimulants do not make the individual with ADHD feel
"high" -- just normal. For most children with ADHD, a working alliance
of parents, clinicians and teachers is essential, since these children require
both a structured educational environment and a behavioral modification program
that can assist them in learning how to deal with their disruptive or
aggressive acts. Finally, adults with ADHD may also benefit from a combination
of medication and counseling.