Decongestants

When allergies make your nose stuffed up, an antihistamine generally doesn't help. But a decongestant might.

Here's how decongestants work: Allergies make the lining of your nose swell. Decongestants shrink swollen blood vessels and tissues. That relieves the congestion. But decongestants can’t help with sneezing or itching.

Decongestants come in pills, liquids, nose drops, and nasal sprays. Many are available without a prescription. Common decongestants include:

Some over-the-counter decongestants -- those with pseudoephedrine -- are found behind the pharmacy counter.

Many medicines combine an antihistamine and decongestant, like Allegra-D, Benadryl Allergy Plus Sinus, Claritin-D, and Zyrtec-D.

Don’t use nasal sprays longer than three days. Using them longer can actually make your nose more stopped up.

Ask your doctor before taking decongestants if you have:

Decongestants make some people feel jittery or have trouble sleeping. If that happens, cut back on caffeine while taking them. If that doesn't help, you may need to stop taking them. Nasal sprays are less likely to cause these problems and may be a short-term solution.

WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by William Blahd, MD on 4/, 017

Sources

SOURCES:

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology: "AAAI Allergy & Asthma Medication Guide."

American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery: "Antihistamines, Decongestants and Cold Remedies."

FamilyDoctor.org: "Decongestants: OTC Relief for Congestion."

UpToDate: "Patient information: Nonallergic rhinitis (runny or stuffy nose) (Beyond the Basics)."

Wake Forest Baptist Health: "Sinus Infection: Prevention & Treatment."

MedicineNet: "Nasal Allergy Medications."

Medline Plus: "Oxymetazoline Nasal Spray," " Phenylephrine," " Pseudoephedrine."

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