Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up

Alzheimer's Disease Health Center

Select An Article
Font Size

Brain Exercises and Dementia

Can brain exercises keep your brain healthier as you age and prevent memory loss? Can they even prevent or delay dementia such as Alzheimer's?

We need more studies to know for sure. But a number of studies show the benefits of staying mentally active.

Recommended Related to Alzheimer's

Alzheimer's Disease

Important It is possible that the main title of the report Alzheimer's Disease is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Read the Alzheimer's Disease article > >

Mental engagement is consistently linked with a decreased risk of a decline in thinking skills. So games, puzzles, and other types of brain training may help slow memory loss and mental decline.

Here are answers to some commonly asked questions about the impact of brain exercises on memory and dementia.

Can brain exercises prevent memory loss or dementia?

Researchers still need to do more study. But there appears to be a consistent link between brain training and a decreased risk of mental decline.

Some studies have shown brain training can have long-lasting positive effects. That was seen, for example, in a study called ACTIVE -- the Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly study.

The study involved 2,802 adults aged 65 and older. Participants attended up to 10 brain-training sessions over a 5- to 6-week period. The sessions included training in strategies for:

  • Memory
  • Reasoning
  • Speed of processing information

People who took the training showed improvements in those areas that lasted for at least 5 years. Even better? This translated into improvements in their everyday lives, such as the ability to manage money and do housework.

But what about prevention of Alzheimer's and other dementias? Does brain training help? A study published in 2010 looked at this very question.

It found that staying mentally active delayed cognitive (thinking) decline. After onset of Alzheimer's, however, mental decline sped up in people who were mentally active. How could this be true? It's possible that being cognitively active initially bolstered the brain, so symptoms didn't show up until later in the disease process after it reached a kind of tipping point.

The silver lining here? People who are mentally active may spend a shorter part of their lives in a state of decline, even if they develop Alzheimer's.

How does brain activity help?

Animal studies have shown that mental stimulation may help protect the brain by:

  • Decreasing the hallmarks of Alzheimer's, such as increases in certain proteins (plaques and tangles)
  • Supporting new nerve cell growth
  • Prompting communication between nerve cells

By keeping your brain active with brain exercises or other engagement, you may help build up a reserve of brain cells and connections. You might even grow new brain cells. This is one explanation for the link between Alzheimer's and lower levels of education. Experts think that extra stimulation from education may protect the brain by strengthening brain cell connections.

Of course, neither education nor brain exercises provide an insurance policy against Alzheimer's. But they may help delay the onset of symptoms, prolonging a higher quality of life. And that could be worth a whole lot.

WebMD Medical Reference

Next Article:

Today on WebMD

alzheimer's disease warning signs
ARTICLE
Alzheimers Overview
SLIDESHOW
 
Best Memory Boosting Games
ARTICLE
mri scan of human brain
QUIZ
 
senior man
ARTICLE
daughter and father
ARTICLE
 
Making Diagnosis
Article
Colored mri of brain
ARTICLE
 
Close up of elderly couple holding hands
VIDEO
senior woman with lost expression
ARTICLE
 
Woman comforting ailing mother
ARTICLE
Alzheimers Dementia
ARTICLE