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Dementia - Medications

Doctors use medicines to treat dementia in the following ways:

  • To correct a condition that's causing dementia, such as thyroid replacement for hypothyroidism, vitamins for lack of vitamin B12, or antibiotics for infections
  • To maintain mental functioning for as long as possible when dementia cannot be reversed
  • To prevent further strokes in people who have dementia caused by stroke (vascular dementia)
  • To manage mood or behavior problems, such as depression, insomnia, hallucinations, and agitation

Medication choices

Medicines to help maintain mental function

Medicines to help control mood or behavior problems

Medicines to prevent future strokes

  • The doctor may prescribe medicines for high blood pressure and high cholesterol, since these conditions are risk factors for vascular dementia.4 These drugs can't reverse existing dementia, but they may prevent future strokes and heart disease that can lead to further brain damage.

For more information, see the topics:

1

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: August 11, 2011
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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