Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Health & Pregnancy

Font Size

Elective Cesarean: Babies On Demand

C-Sections are on the rise and moms are getting blamed, but is it really the woman's fault?

WebMD Feature
Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD

One look at People Magazine or Entertainment Tonight, and you might think the old-fashioned labor and delivery way to birth a baby has gone the route of the horse and buggy.

In its place: The mother-requested cesarean, or C-section, delivery -- the fast, high-tech, hip celebrity way to have a child.

Or so, a popular theory goes.

"There's no doubt in my mind that the current interest in elective cesarean births has been ignited by the fact that in our in pop culture many celebrity deliveries have been elected cesareans," says Manuel Porto, MD, chairman of the department of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of California, Irvine.

Indeed, from media reports on the pregnancies of rock stars like Madonna, Victoria Beckham, and Britney Spears, to actresses like Gwyneth Paltrow, Kate Hudson, Patricia Heaton, and Elizabeth Hurley -- not to mention a gaggle of super models in between -- the C-section appears to be the "it" activity of the decade.

Despite health risks for both baby and mom -- including a life-threatening uterine rupture for women and a greater risk of stillbirth for baby -- C-section deliveries are rising. According to the National Institutes of Health, the current rate is 29.1% -- up some 40% between 1996 and 2004.

But who is really responsible for the rise? Not everyone is ready to blame the lady on the table.

Some suspect the guy wielding the scalpel. After all, the word "elective" simply means there is no medical justification -- it doesn't specify who made the request.

True, in celebrity-conscious New York City, some doctors say women are at least partly to blame.

"I have definitely seen an increase in C-section requests, even when there is no real medical justification behind it," says Ashley Roman, MD, a maternal fetal medicine specialist at NYU Medical Center in New York.

Her patients don't necessarily want to mimic celebrity life. They frequently cite other reasons -- particularly a reduced risk of incontinence and an easier, less painful birth, though she says medical literature is scant in support of either.

But organizations like Childbirth Connection argue this doesn't reflect the attitudes of women nationwide. Their surveys show less than 0.08% of pregnant women request a C-section.

"From our research we can say for sure that it is not mothers who are causing the elective C-section rate to rise," says Maureen Corry, executive director of

1 | 2 | 3 | 4

Pregnancy Week-By-Week Newsletter

Delivered right to your inbox, get pictures and facts on
what to expect each week of your pregnancy.

Today on WebMD

hand circling date on calendar
Track your most fertile days.
woman looking at ultrasound
Week-by-week pregnancy guide.
Pretty pregnant woman timing contaction pains
The signs to watch out for.
pregnant woman in hospital
Are there ways to do it naturally?
slideshow fetal development
pregnancy first trimester warning signs
What Causes Bipolar
Woman trying on dress in store
pregnant woman
Close up on eyes of baby breastfeeding
healthtool pregnancy calendar
eddleman prepare your body pregnancy