Pregnancy and Chronic High Blood Pressure - Topic Overview
Women with chronic high blood pressure require special medical care before,during,and after their pregnancies. Some blood pressure medicines are not recommended for use during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Talk to your doctor if you take blood pressure medicines and are pregnant or planning a pregnancy. High blood pressure (140/90 mm Hg or higher) during a pregnancy increases the risks of: ...
Miscarriage: Vacuum Aspiration - Topic Overview
Vacuum aspiration,also called suction aspiration or dilation and aspiration,can be used to empty the uterus after an incomplete early miscarriage. This procedure involves the use of a hollow tube called a cannula that is attached by tubing to a bottle and a pump,which provides a gentle vacuum. The cannula is passed through the vagina into the uterus,the pump is turned on,and the tissue is ...
Breech Position and Breech Birth - Topic Overview
What is breech position?During most of pregnancy, there is enough room in the uterus for the baby (fetus) to change position. By 36 weeks of pregnancy, most babies turn into a head-down position. This is the normal and safest fetal position for birth.But in about 4 out of 100 births, the baby doesn't naturally turn head-down. Instead, the baby is in a breech position.1 Babies in breech position usually must be delivered by C-section.There are three main breech positions:Frank breech. The buttocks are in place to come out first during delivery. The legs are straight up in front of the body, with the feet near the head. This is the most common type of breech position.Complete breech. The buttocks are down near the birth canal. The knees are bent, and the feet are near the buttocks.Footling breech. One leg or both legs are stretched out below the buttocks. The leg or legs are in place to come out first during delivery.What causes breech position?Most of the time, there is no
Ectopic Pregnancy: Getting Pregnant Again - Topic Overview
Having an ectopic pregnancy may affect your future fertility, and it increases your risk of having another ectopic pregnancy. When an ectopic pregnancy grows in a fallopian tube, it can damage the surrounding tubal tissue. This may make it more likely that an egg will get stuck there in the future. But early detection and treatment can minimize the damaging effects of an ectopic pregnancy. Future fertilityYour chances of having another ectopic pregnancy will be affected by your own combination of risk factors (things that increase your risk). These can include smoking, use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) to get pregnant, and how much fallopian tube damage you have.Your future fertility and chances of having a successful pregnancy in the future will also depend on:Whether your other fallopian tube is healthy. The extent of damage to your fallopian tube.Whether you have a history of infertility.Early detection is the key to avoiding new tube damage. As long as you have one
Pregnancy: Hot Tub and Sauna Use - Topic Overview
Raising your core body temperature (hyperthermia) can harm your fetus,particularly during the early weeks of organ development. While experts don't forbid hot tub or sauna use,they do advise caution. 1 Hyperthermia during the first weeks of fetal development has been linked to neural tube defects. 2 So pregnant women are advised to treat a high fever with acetaminophen and to avoid other ...
Birth Defects Testing - Types of Tests
Two types of tests are done during pregnancy to look for birth defects-screening and diagnostic. Screening tests see whether your baby is likely to have birth defects; if a screening test is positive-meaning a problem may be present-a diagnostic test is done to confirm or rule out the problem. A negative screening test means it is unlikely that the baby has a birth defect. However, it does not ...
Placenta Previa - Topic Overview
What is placenta previa?Placenta previa is a pregnancy problem in which the placenta blocks the cervix. The placenta is a round, flat organ that forms on the inside wall of the uterus soon after conception. During pregnancy, it gives the baby food and oxygen from the mother.In a normal pregnancy, the placenta is attached high up in the uterus, away from the cervix. In placenta previa, the placenta forms low in the uterus and covers all or part of the cervix. If placenta previa is present during labor and delivery, it can cause problems for both mother and baby.The mother may lose a lot of blood, which can be dangerous for both her and her baby. The placenta may separate too early from the wall of the uterus. This is called placenta abruptio, and it can cause serious bleeding, too.The baby may be born too early (premature), at a low birth weight, or with a birth defect.What causes placenta previa?Doctors aren't sure what causes this problem. But some things make you more likely to have
Expectant Management in Ectopic Pregnancy - Topic Overview
Some early ectopic pregnancies are watched closely to see whether the embryo will become reabsorbed by the body. (This is also called expectant management.) If an ectopic pregnancy ends on its own, a woman will not need medicine or surgical treatment. But an ectopic pregnancy that does not end on its own can cause heavy bleeding that could be deadly. This is why you have frequent checkups during expectant management.To be a good candidate for expectant management, you must:Have no symptoms, such as abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding.Understand that there is a remote risk of fallopian tube rupture and excessive bleeding (hemorrhage). Have decreasing levels of the blood pregnancy hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which suggests that your body is reabsorbing the ectopic pregnancy.Be able to see your doctor for frequent checkups.Increasing abdominal (belly) pain or pelvic pain, tubal rupture, and high serum hCG levels are reasons to stop expectant management and consider
Polyhydramnios - Topic Overview
Polyhydramnios is a condition in which there is too much fluid in the sac surrounding the fetus (amniotic sac). It occurs in up to 5% of twin pregnancies.1Polyhydramnios increases the risk of: Premature breaking (rupture) of the amniotic sac. Premature labor. Stillbirth.Severe polyhydramnios may be treated with medicine, such as indomethacin. Excess fluid is sometimes removed through a needle that is inserted through the mother's abdomen into the amniotic sac (amniocentesis).
Health & Pregnancy Guide - Topic Overview
What is a vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC)?Vaginal birth after cesarean, also called VBAC, is a vaginal childbirth by a woman who has had a surgical delivery (cesarean section) in the past. It used to be that once you delivered a baby by cesarean, any future babies would be delivered by a planned cesarean. Now, many women who have had a cesarean can choose between vaginal birth or cesarean ...