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    Health & Pregnancy

    Medical Reference Related to Health & Pregnancy

    1. Alcohol Effects on a Fetus - Topic Overview

      What is placenta previa?Placenta previa is a pregnancy problem in which the placenta blocks the cervix. The placenta is a round, flat organ that forms on the inside wall of the uterus soon after conception. During pregnancy, it gives the baby food and oxygen from the mother.In a normal pregnancy, the placenta is attached high up in the uterus, away from the cervix. In placenta previa, the placenta forms low in the uterus and covers all or part of the cervix. If placenta previa is present during labor and delivery, it can cause problems for both mother and baby.The mother may lose a lot of blood, which can be dangerous for both her and her baby. The placenta may separate too early from the wall of the uterus. This is called placenta abruptio, and it can cause serious bleeding, too.The baby may be born too early (premature), at a low birth weight, or with a birth defect.What causes placenta previa?Doctors aren't sure what causes this problem. But some things make you more likely to have

    2. Alcohol Effects on a Fetus - Topic Overview

      It is standard practice for doctors to use a low,side-to-side (transverse) incision across the uterus for a cesarean delivery. But a vertical type of incision is sometimes needed,such as for some emergency cesarean deliveries. Before deciding whether you are a good candidate for a safe vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC),you and your doctor must first confirm what kind of uterine incision ...

    3. Labor and Delivery - When To Call a Doctor

      Preterm labor can be difficult to recognize. Get the earliest possible medical care for preterm labor by calling your health professional about signs of possible preterm labor.

    4. Alcohol Effects on a Fetus - First-Trimester Tests

      Screening tests The nuchal translucency test and the first-trimester blood tests are often done together in what is called the first-trimester screening. Nuchal translucency test. This test uses ultrasound to measure the thickness of the area at the back of the baby's neck. An increase in the thickness can be an early sign of certain birth defects,such as Down syndrome. This test is often ...

    5. Alcohol Effects on a Fetus - Topic Overview

      It is important for pregnant women with an active tuberculosis (TB) infection to receive treatment,because the TB infection is dangerous to the developing fetus. 1 Treatment usually involves isoniazid,rifampin,and ethambutol for 9 months. If the TB bacteria cannot be killed by any of these first-line medicines,then other medicines and a longer treatment time may be needed. The World Health ...

    6. Multiple Pregnancy: Twins or More - Topic Overview

      Your first prenatal visit is likely to be more extensive than later prenatal checks. Your doctor will take your medical history and perform a complete physical exam. Medical history Your medical history helps your doctor plan the best possible care for your pregnancy and childbirth. It includes: Your menstrual history,including your age when menstruation started,whether your cycles are ...

    7. Caffeine During Pregnancy - Health Tools

      Use these miscarriage health tools to help make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.

    8. Preeclampsia - Risks of VBAC and Cesarean Deliveries

      Whether you deliver vaginally or by cesarean section, you are unlikely to have serious complications. Overall, a routine vaginal delivery is less risky than a routine cesarean, which is a major surgery. However, researchers have found that pregnant women who have a cesarean scar have a slight risk of the scar breaking open (called uterine rupture) during labor.1Although rare, uterine rupture can .

    9. Caffeine During Pregnancy - Topic Overview

      Leg cramps affect almost half of all pregnant women. 1 The cause of leg cramps during pregnancy is not fully known,but they may be caused by reduced levels of calcium or increased levels of phosphorus in the blood. Leg cramps are more common in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy and happen most often at night. There is no proof that increasing your intake of calcium or potassium ...

    10. Multiple Pregnancy: Twins or More - Topic Overview

      Stretch marks Stretch marks (striae gravidarum) are lines on the skin that may appear late in pregnancy. They look like slightly indented pink,red,dark,or white streaks,depending on your skin color. Stretch marks are most common on the belly,but they can also develop on the breasts and thighs. The cause of stretch marks is not well understood. They have been linked to increasing ...

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