Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Health & Pregnancy

Font Size

Counseling Helps Kids Cope With Violence

School-Based Program Helps Children Suffering From Posttraumatic Stress Disorder


While community violence can occur anywhere, the prevalence of such violence in America's poor, urban communities is startling. According to statistics from the National Center for Children Exposed to Violence:

  • Nine out of 10 high school kids surveyed in an urban community in Miami reported having witnessed community violence, and 44% said they had been victims of violent crime.
  • 88% of children living in an urban neighborhood in Richmond, Va., reported having heard gunfire near their home, and 25% reported witnessing someone being killed.
  • 39% of middle school kids living in a poor, urban neighborhood in New Haven, Conn., witnessed someone being shot during the preceding year.

"Living in certain communities in America has been compared to living in a war zone, and I don't think that is much of an exaggeration," clinical psychologist Albert D. Farrell, PhD, tells WebMD.

A professor of psychology at Virginia Commonwealth University, Farrell has studied the impact of exposure to violence on high-risk children and adolescents for years. He says it is clear that kids who witness or are victims of violent events are more likely to exhibit violent or aggressive behaviors themselves. They are also more likely to abuse drugs and act out in other ways.

Steven Berkowitz, MD, of the Yale Child Study Center, agrees that intervention is key to helping children cope.

"One of the clearest pathways to delinquency and criminal behavior is early chronic exposure to violence and victimization," he tells WebMD. "One way of dealing with feeling helpless is to become aggressive. Intervention helps children gain some sense of control and perspective on the violence in their lives."

1 | 2

Pregnancy Week-By-Week Newsletter

Delivered right to your inbox, get pictures and facts on
what to expect each week of your pregnancy.

Today on WebMD

hand circling date on calendar
Track your most fertile days.
woman looking at ultrasound
Week-by-week pregnancy guide.
Pretty pregnant woman timing contaction pains
The signs to watch out for.
pregnant woman in hospital
Are there ways to do it naturally?
slideshow fetal development
pregnancy first trimester warning signs
What Causes Bipolar
Woman trying on dress in store
pregnant woman
Close up on eyes of baby breastfeeding
healthtool pregnancy calendar
eddleman prepare your body pregnancy