Asperger's Syndrome - Topic Overview
Asperger's syndrome is a developmental
disorder that makes it very hard to interact with other people. Your child may
find it hard to make friends because he or she is socially awkward.
People with Asperger's syndrome have some traits of
autism. For example, they may have poor social skills,
prefer routine, and not like change. But unlike those who have autism, children
with Asperger's syndrome usually start to talk before 2 years of age, when
speech normally starts to develop.
Asperger's syndrome is a
lifelong condition, but symptoms tend to improve over time. Adults with this
condition can learn to understand their own strengths and weaknesses. And they
can improve their social skills.
Both Asperger's syndrome and
autism belong to the group of disorders called
autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), once known as pervasive developmental disorders. You may hear the term ASD used to describe Asperger's syndrome.
exact cause of Asperger's syndrome is not known. And there is no known way to
prevent it. It tends to run in families. So researchers are doing studies to
look for a genetic cause. Asperger's syndrome is more common in males than in females.
Asperger's syndrome is usually noticed at age 3
or later. Symptoms vary, so no two children are the same. Children with
- Have a very hard time relating to others. It
doesn't mean that they avoid social contact. But they lack instincts and skills
to help them express their thoughts and feelings and notice others'
- May be bothered by loud noises, lights, or strong tastes
- Like fixed routines. Change is hard for
- May not recognize verbal and nonverbal cues or understand
social norms. For example, they may stare at others, not make eye contact, or
not know what personal space means.
- May have speech that's flat and
hard to understand because it lacks tone, pitch, and accent. Or they may have a
formal style of speaking that's advanced for their age.
- May lack
coordination; have unusual facial expressions, body postures, and gestures; or
be somewhat clumsy.
- May have poor handwriting or have trouble with
other motor skills, such as riding a bike.
- May have only one or a
few interests, or they may focus intensely on a few things. For example, they
may show an unusual interest in snakes or star names or may draw very detailed
If you are concerned about your child's behavior
or communication style, talk to your child's doctor. He or she will ask you
about your child's development and ask if other people have noticed your
child's social problems.
The doctor may refer you to a specialist
to confirm or rule out Asperger's syndrome. The specialist may test your
child's learning style, speech and language, IQ, social and motor skills, and