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Brain Lesions: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

How Are Brain Lesions Diagnosed?

The methods used to find and diagnose brain lesions depend on the symptoms. In many cases, CT and MRI imaging studies help pinpoint the location, size, and characteristics of the lesions. Blood and other lab tests may also be done to look for signs of infection.

How Are Brain Lesions Treated?

Treatment depends on the type of brain lesion. The goals of treatment may be to provide a cure, relieve symptoms, or improve the quality or length of life. Common approaches for treating brain lesions include the following:

  • "Wait and see"-- If the lesion is not causing problems and is not growing, you may only need periodic checkups.
  • Surgical removal of the lesion, if possible. New surgical techniques may make it possible to remove even hard-to-reach lesions.
  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy for lesions that are cancerous.
  • Medication to fight infections, such as antibiotics or other antimicrobials.
  • Medication to calm the immune system or otherwise change the immune system's response.
  • Medication or other therapies to relieve symptoms associated with the brain lesion.

How Can I Find Out More About Brain Lesions?

Brain lesions take many forms, so diagnosing and treating them can be complex. That's why it's important to discuss individual questions about brain lesions with your doctor. Together, you can determine the best way to proceed in identifying, treating, and living with brain lesions.

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WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Richard Senelick, MD on July 06, 2012

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