Skip to content

    Reviewed by Neha Pathak, MD on December 15, 2020


    National MS Society: "Expert Opinion Paper: Management of MS Related," "Exercise as Part of Everyday Life," "Exercise," "Stress," "Pregnancy and Reproductive Issues," Optic Neuritis," "Clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), "Adherence. Starting a Disease-Modifying Therapy and Sticking with It," "Talking about Initiating and Adhering to Treatment with Injectable Disease-Modifying Agents," "The MS Disease-Modifying Medications," "Emotional Changes," “FDA Approves Plegridy (Pegylated Interferon Beta) For Relapsing MS.”

    Multiple Sclerosis International Federation: "World of MS - Resources - Clinically isolated syndrome."

    McDonald, W. I. Annals of Neurology, 2001.

    Gold, R. Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders, 2010.

    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS): "Multiple Sclerosis: Hope Through Research."

    Kachuck, N. "Monitoring Disease Progression: Incorporating MRI and New Modalities in Clinical Decision Making" (n.d.).

    Kalb, P. Multiple sclerosis: The questions you have, the answers you need, Demos Health, 2008.

    Crayton, H. Neurology, 2004.

    Rae-Grant, A. D. Multiple Sclerosis, 1999.

    Dean, L. PubMed Health, 2011.

    NAAC National Anemia Action Council: "Anemia FAQs of Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment."

    U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

    U.S. National Library of Medicine: "Multiple Sclerosis."

    Havrdova, E. Multiple Sclerosis, 2009.

    MedlinePlus: "Drugs, Herbs and Supplements."

    Frohman, E. Clinical Neuropharmacology, 2004.

    Cleveland Clinic: "Mycophenolate Mofetil (CellCept)."

    Goodin, D.S. Neurology, 2003.

    Marrie, R.A. Neurology, 2010.

    Hasson, J. "Is there an MS diet?" Momentum, National MS Society, Fall 2008.

    Nowack, D. "Is there a diet that helps people with MS?" Momentum, National MS Society, Fall 2008.

    Schwarz, S. Multiple Sclerosis, 2005.

    Bowling, A. InsideMS, November 2006.

    Munger, K. Neurology, Jan 13, 2004.

    Brown, T. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America, May 2005.

    National Center of Physical Activity and Disability: "Disability/Condition: Multiple Sclerosis: Designing an Exercise Program."

    Solaro, C. Neurology, 2004.

    Moulin, D.E. Neurology, 1988.

    Miller, D. Lancet Neurology, 2005.

    FDA News Release

    Beck, R.W. New England Journal of Medicine, 1992.

    The Multiple Sclerosis Study Group. Annals of Neurology, 1990.

    Rudge, P. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 1989.

    Symister, P. Health Psychology, 2003.

    Chang, E., ed. Optimism & Pessimism: Implications for Theory, Research, and Practice, American Psychological Association, 2001.

    Koch, M. Epilepsia, 2008.

    Attarian, H.P. Archives of Neurology, 2004.

    Office of Dietary Supplements: "Dietary Supplement Fact Sheet: Vitamin D."

    Pierrot-Deseilligny, C. Journal of Neurology, 2009.

    Mohr, D. British Medical Journal, 2004.

    Gray, O. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2004.

    Goodkin, D.E. Annals of Neurology, 1995.

    Calabresi, P.A. Neurology, 2002.

    Cohen. Neurology, Feb 10, 2009.

    This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information:

    THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE.  It is intended for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

    © 2021 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.