Skip to content

    Brain & Nervous System Health Center

    Font Size
    A
    A
    A

    Perk of Good Job: Aging Mind Is Sharp

    Having a Complex Job May Slow Age-Related Mental Decline
    By
    WebMD Health News
    Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD

    May 7, 2008 -- Mentally demanding jobs come with a hidden benefit: less mental decline with age.

    Work that requires decision making, negotiating with others, analysis, and making judgments may not necessarily pad your bank account. But it does build up your "cognitive reserve" -- a level of mental function that helps you avoid or compensate for age-related mental decline.

    "Jobs that have elements where you need to solve problems, plan and organize, and think flexibly and on your feet appear to carry cognitive benefits throughout your life. You can potentially draw on them later as reserves," Duke University psychologist Guy G. Potter, PhD, tells WebMD.

    Potter and colleagues studied 1,036 World War II veterans who agreed to take mental-status tests every three or four years beginning in 1990. More than half of the 70-ish men were twin pairs included in the ongoing Duke Twin Study of Memory in Aging.

    Earlier work with the twins suggested that the twin who had the more complex job had a lower risk of age-related dementia. That led to the current study, funded by the National Institute on Aging and the Alzheimer's Association.

    In their expanded study, Potter and colleagues took advantage of the fact that the men had taken an IQ test when they entered the Armed Services. This allowed them to compare the mental function of men with equal intelligence, but who'd worked at jobs that demanded different levels of complexity.

    "You may say those who did not get dementia were smarter to start with, or that those with higher complexity jobs got them because they were smarter to start with," Potter says. "We wanted to know whether it was the intelligence they were born with that gave them a golden ticket to aging, or something else."

    After taking into account both intelligence and education, Potter and colleagues found that men with more complex jobs -- in terms of general intellectual demands and human interaction and communication -- performed significantly better on tests of mental function.

    Strikingly, this effect was stronger for men who, earlier in life, scored in the low/average range on intelligence tests. For men with high IQ scores early in life, job complexity had only a small effect on later mental function.

    Today on WebMD

    nerve damage
    Learn how this disease affects the nervous system.
    senior woman with lost expression
    Know the early warning signs.
     
    woman in art gallery
    Tips to stay smart, sharp, and focused.
    medical marijuana plant
    What is it used for?
     
    woman embracing dog
    Quiz
    boy hits soccer ball with head
    Slideshow
     
    red and white swirl
    Article
    marijuana plant
    ARTICLE
     
    brain illustration stroke
    Slideshow
    nerve damage
    Slideshow
     
    Alzheimers Overview
    Slideshow
    Graphic of number filled head and dna double helix
    Quiz