develops between ages 2 and 7 years is not uncommon and usually resolves on its
own. Regardless of whether stuttering is expected to be a temporary condition,
treatment can be helpful. Success is more likely to occur if a child gets help
during the preschool years.2
usually includes parent counseling and speech therapy. Specific treatment
varies depending on when and whether a child's stuttering is specifically
It is possible that the main title of the report Niemann Pick Disease is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Normal disfluency, which likely will
resolve on its own.
Developmental stuttering, which most often
first appears around age 5 and generally requires treatment to
Acquired stuttering, which develops as the result of brain
injury (usually from an accidental injury or a disease that affects the brain,
such as Alzheimer's) or, less often, from severe emotional trauma.
Parents of children with suspected
normal disfluency may benefit from
counseling. This therapy strives to educate parents
about speech development and how to respond to their child's stuttering in
positive ways. Appropriate responses to your child's stuttering can help the
child avoid social and emotional problems that can develop. Being supportive of
your child also helps prevent stuttering from becoming a more permanent
Speech therapy for stuttering has a
number of different approaches depending on factors such as the person's age,
whether stuttering is likely to resolve on its own, and the severity of the
problem. Usually, a
speech-language pathologist also combines and expands
on elements of parent counseling techniques.
The two basic speech
therapy methods used for treating stuttering are called indirect treatment and
Indirect treatment focuses on creating
a comfortable and relaxing environment in which the child's speech can improve
naturally. A speech-language pathologist evaluates and monitors progress while
observing the child and parents.
Direct treatment is
one-on-one personal interaction between a speech-language pathologist and a
child who stutters. The speech-language pathologist teaches the child how to
form words, speak slowly, and relax even while stuttering. The child can also
practice these exercises outside of instruction time. The child also learns
ways to eliminate the physical symptoms of stuttering, such as eye-blinking,
and how to deal with the emotional difficulties that may result from speech
Other treatments for stuttering are also sometimes
Counseling is often recommended when
stuttering is complicated by additional problems, such as
anxiety. It is also sometimes used when speech therapy
has failed. Counseling and speech therapy are often used together for teens and
adults who have developmental stuttering. The longer stuttering is left
untreated, the more difficult it is to manage because additional problems
frequently develop, such as low
self-esteem. Speech therapy alone is unlikely to
resolve these problems. Treatment of teens and adults takes longer and is
generally less successful than for children.
sometimes used as part of treatment for other conditions, such as
depression or anxiety, that can make stuttering worse.
Talk to your doctor if you have questions about when medicines may be
Specialized therapies are needed for acquired
stuttering, which can happen as the result of brain injury (usually from an
accidental injury or a disease that affects the brain, such as Alzheimer's) or,
less often, from severe emotional trauma. After a thorough evaluation, a
treatment program is specifically designed that often includes some combination
of speech therapy, physical rehabilitation, and medicine.