Breast Cancer Treatment

Breast cancer treatments are getting better all the time, and people have many more options today than ever before. With so many choices, it’s a good idea to learn as much as you can about the ones that can help you the most.

No matter which ones you choose, all breast cancer treatments have two main goals:

  1. To rid the body of as much of the cancer as possible
  2. To prevent the disease from coming back

How Do I Know Which Breast Cancer Treatment to Choose?

Your doctor will think about a few things before she recommends a treatment for you:

  • The type of breast cancer you have
  • The size of your tumor and how far the cancer has spread in your body, called the stage of your disease
  • If your tumor has things called "receptors" for HER2 protein, estrogen, and progesterone, or other specific features.

Your age, if you’ve gone through menopause, other health conditions you have, and your personal preferences also play a role in this decision-making process.

What Are the Types of Breast Cancer Treatment?

Some treatments remove or destroy the disease within the breast and nearby tissues, such as lymph nodes. These include:

  • Surgery to remove the whole breast, called a mastectomy, or to remove just the tumor and tissues around it, called a lumpectomy or breast-conserving surgery. There are different types of mastectomies and lumpectomies.
  • Radiation therapy, which uses high-energy waves to kill cancer cells.

Other treatments destroy or control cancer cells all over the body:

You might get chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or targeted therapy along with surgery or radiation. They can kill any cancer cells that were left behind by other treatments.

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Tips to Help You Choose

Although there are some typical breast cancer treatment regimens, women do have choices.

  • Talk with your doctor about all the risks and benefits of each treatment option and how they will affect your lifestyle.
  • Think about joining a support group. Other people with breast cancer know what you’re going through and can give you advice and understanding. They might help you decide on a treatment, too.
  • Ask your doctor if you should join a clinical trial, a research study that tests new treatments before they’re available to everyone.
WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Laura J. Martin, MD on May 07, 2017

Sources

SOURCES:

CDC: "Breast Cancer Treatment."
Novartis Oncology.
Pfizer Oncology.

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