A lumpectomy, or a wide local excision, is also referred to as breast-conserving surgery. The surgeon removes the cancerous area and a surrounding margin of normal tissue. A second incision may be made in order to remove the lymph nodes. This treatment aims to maintain a normal breast appearance when the surgery is over.
After the lumpectomy, a five- to eight-week course of radiation therapy is often used to treat the remaining breast tissue. The majority of women who have small, early-stage breast cancers are excellent candidates for this treatment approach.
Each year in the United States, close to 250,000 women learn they have breast cancer. As they deal
with their diagnosis, they are also asked to make daunting decisions about how
to best fight their disease.
New patients facing treatment need to understand their options, and that
means learning all they can about their cancer, says breast cancer
surgeon Lee Gravatt Wilke, MD.
Wilke, who is an assistant professor of surgery at Duke University Health
System and a board member of the NavigateCancer...
Women who are not usually eligible for a lumpectomy include those who have already had radiation therapy to the affected breast, have two or more areas of cancer in the same breast that are too far apart to be removed through one incision, have a large tumor, or have cancer that was not completely removed during the lumpectomy surgery. Also, women with an advanced stage or metastatic cancer are not eligible for a lumpectomy.