Not so long ago, crippling nausea and vomiting were routine for people
undergoing chemotherapy. But thanks to new drugs and other treatments, that
isn't the case anymore.
"We've made great progress," says Karen Syrjala, PhD, director of
biobehavioral sciences at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in
Seattle. "We have much less nausea and vomiting now -- even though we're
using much higher doses of chemotherapy than we did before." Because we can
control the side effects, Syrjala says cancer treatment itself is much more
Cancer prevention is action taken to lower the chance of getting cancer. By preventing cancer, the number of new cases of cancer in a group or population is lowered. Hopefully, this will lower the number of deaths caused by cancer.
To prevent new cancers from starting, scientists look at risk factors and protective factors. Anything that increases your chance of developing cancer is called a cancer risk factor; anything that decreases your chance of developing cancer is called a cancer protective...
Antinausea medications -- or antiemetics -- are so effective, that experts
have shifted their focus from treating nausea to its aggressive prevention.
"My standard goal is to stop nausea before it happens," says Christy
Russell, MD, chair of the American Cancer Society Breast Cancer Advisory
Committee, "rather than waiting for it to start and then treating
Of course, not all cases of nausea and vomiting can be prevented -- 70-80%
of people on chemotherapy still face some risk. But thanks to better treatment,
most people in chemotherapy are able to go about their normal lives, working
and caring for their families.
"You may not feel great all the time," says Carmen Escalante, MD,
chair of the department of general internal medicine at the University of Texas
M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. "But you can keep going. And that's a big
improvement on what chemotherapy used to be like."