PDQ IS A COMPREHENSIVE CANCER DATABASE AVAILABLE ON NCI'S WEB SITE. PDQ is the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) comprehensive cancer information database. Most of the information contained in PDQ is available online at NCI's Web site. PDQ is provided as a service of the NCI. The NCI is part of the National Institutes of Health,the federal government's focal point for biomedical research. .
Get More Information From NCI
CALL 1-800-4-CANCER For more information,U.S. residents may call the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Cancer Information Service toll-free at 1-800-4-CANCER (1-800-422-6237) Monday through Friday from 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Deaf and hard-of-hearing callers with TTY equipment may call 1-800-332-8615. The call is free and a trained Cancer Information Specialist is available to answer your ...
Study Design Categories, Definitions, and Levels of Evidence
PROSPECTIVE,RANDOMIZED,CONTROLLED TRIALS AND META-ANALYSES OF PROSPECTIVE,RANDOMIZED,CONTROLLED TRIALS. The randomized,double-blinded,controlled trial is the gold standard of study design. To achieve this ranking,the study allocation must be blinded to the investigator both before and after the randomization and the assignment to intervention group. This design provides protection from ...
Treatment Options for Recurrent Merkel Cell Carcinoma
Treatment of recurrent Merkel cell carcinoma may include the following: Surgery (sentinel lymph node biopsy or lymph node dissection) with or without radiation therapy. Radiation therapy after surgery. Chemotherapy. ...
Stage III Vulvar Cancer
Radical vulvectomy with inguinal and femoral lymphadenectomy is the standard therapy. The definition of radical vulvectomy is being extended with the realization that the effect of radical surgery is limited by the closest resection margin,rather than the achievement of total organ ablation.[ 1 ] Nodal involvement is a key determinant of survival. The 5-year survival rate for patients with ...
Stages of Salivary Gland Cancer
After salivary gland cancer has been diagnosed,tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the salivary gland or to other parts of the body. The process used to find out if cancer has spread within the salivary glands or to other parts o
Treatment Options by Stage
Stage 0 Rectal Cancer Treatment of stage 0 (carcinoma in situ) rectal cancer may include the following: Local excision (surgery to remove the tumor without cutting into the abdomen) or simple polypectomy (surgery to remove a growth that protrudes from the
Other Considerations for Pregnancy and Breast Cancer
Lactation Suppression of lactation does not improve prognosis. If surgery is planned,however,lactation should be suppressed to decrease the size and vascularity of the breasts. If chemotherapy is to be given,lactation should also be suppressed because many antineoplastics (specifically cyclophosphamide and methotrexate),when given systemically,may occur in high levels in breast milk and ...
Treatment Option Overview
There are different types of treatment for patients with transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter. Different types of treatments are available for patients with transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment),and some are being tested in clinical trials. Before starting treatment,patients may want to think ...
To Learn More About Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma
For more information from the National Cancer Institute about adult soft tissue sarcoma,see the following: Soft Tissue Sarcoma Home Page Soft Tissue Sarcomas: Questions and Answers Synovial Sarcoma: Questions and Answers For general cancer information and other resources from the National Cancer Institute,see the following: What You Need to Know About™ Cancer - An Overview Understanding Cancer ...