At one time or another, most parents wonder how their child is stacking up in school. Part of answering that is knowing when kids should learn to read, write, and do different kinds of math?
Ross A. Thompson, PhD, professor of psychology at the University of California at Davis tells WebMD there is a wide range of normal variation in many areas for young children. This can make it difficult, he says, to tell if a delay is really a problem. Thompson also says that measuring children against defined age benchmarks sometimes raises undue anxiety in parents.
Unusual cancers of childhood are cancers rarely seen in children.
Cancer in children and teenagers is rare. Since 1975, the number of new cases of childhood cancer has slowly increased. Since 1975, the number of deaths from childhood cancer has decreased by more than half.
Unusual cancers are so rare that most children's hospitals might see less than a handful of some types in several years. Because the unusual cancers are so rare, there is not a lot of information about what treatment works best...
Still, general milestones can be helpful to parents as a guide. Missing a milestone doesn't always mean a child has a learning deficit or disability. It may simply mean that you need to make some changes in the classroom or at home to help your child learn and reach his or her full potential.
When kids learn reading: Milestones that matter
Pat Wolfe, EdD, education consultant, former teacher, and author of Building the Reading Brain, says you can tell by kindergarten-age whether children are likely to have trouble with reading. "Can they hear rhyming words? Do they know that squiggles on a page stand for sounds when they talk?" These are key pre-reading skills that lay the foundation for reading.
Often children start reading in the first grade. During that school year, watch for these signs of reading difficulty:
connecting the wrong sounds with letters
skipping words, not remembering words, or frequently guessing at unknown words, rather than sounding them out
If your child is having trouble reading by the end of first grade, begin by talking with her teacher to find ways to resolve the problem.
Ages 4-5: learning pre-reading skills
Kids learn to:
substitute words in rhyming patterns
write some letters
pronounce simple words
Ages 6-10: learning to read
Kids learn to:
read simple books by mid-first grade and know about 100 common words
understand that letters represent sounds, which form words, by mid-first grade
enjoy a variety of types of stories and talk about characters, settings and events
remember the names and sounds of all letters and recognize upper- and lowercase by second grade
read independently and fluently by third grade
sound out unfamiliar words when reading
Ages 11-13: "reading to learn"
Kids learn to:
read to learn about their hobbies and other interests and to study for school
comprehend more fully what they've read
read fiction, including chapter books, and nonfiction, including magazines and newspapers