Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Children's Health

Font Size

Dyslexia Is Forever

WebMD Health News

Despite improvements in the diagnosis and management of dyslexia, many adolescents and young adults with the disorder continue to have reading problems.

Jan. 7, 2000 (Atlanta) --Despite improvements in the diagnosis and management of dyslexia, many adolescents and young adults with the disorder continue to have reading problems. The results of a long-term study, published in the December issue of the journal Pediatrics, explain how disabilities in dyslexia are persistent.

"The belief that children with dyslexia will eventually outgrow it is simply not true," says lead author Sally E. Shaywitz, MD, of Yale University. Shaywitz tells WebMD that while many bright young adults with dyslexia learn to read words accurately, they remain slow readers for a reason. "The same phonological deficit responsible for initial reading difficulties remains and accounts for persistent problems," Shaywitz tells WebMD. In other words, children who were diagnosed as dyslexic early in their school careers were still dyslexic later on, even though they may have learned to overcome it to some degree.

Dyslexia is a learning disability characterized by problems in expressing or receiving oral or written language. Difficulties may be expressed in reading, spelling, writing, speaking, or listening. According to the International Dyslexia Association, dyslexia is not the result of low intelligence. The term but describes a different kind of mind -- often gifted and productive -- that learns differently. The National Institutes of Health estimates that approximately 15% of the U.S. population are affected by learning disabilities, many with dyslexia.

For this study, children were recruited from the Connecticut Longitudinal Study, a representative group of almost 500 children entering public kindergarten in 1983. When the students reached the ninth grade, those with persistent reading disabilities were compared with average and superior readers. Each child received a comprehensive assessment of academic, language, and other cognitive skills.

Over the study period, researchers found that deficits in phonological awareness and coding continued in the dyslexic group. Phonological awareness allows people to notice, comprehend, and manipulate the individual sounds in a word. Phonological coding deficits interfere with reading rate, accuracy, and spelling. Therefore, dyslexics are not 'cured,' nor do they 'catch up,' in the development of reading skills as they progress in school.

Today on WebMD

child with red rash on cheeks
What’s that rash?
plate of fruit and veggies
How healthy is your child’s diet?
smiling baby
Treating diarrhea, fever and more.
Middle school band practice
Understanding your child’s changing body.

worried kid
jennifer aniston
Measles virus
sick child

Child with adhd
rl with friends
Syringes and graph illustration