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Pediatric ER Trips Tied to Cold Drugs

CDC: Nearly 7,100 Kids per Year Seek Emergency Care Linked to Cough, Cold Drugs; Most Cases Are Accidents
By
WebMD Health News
Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD

Jan. 28, 2008 -- The CDC today estimated that every year, nearly 7,100 U.S. children younger than 12 are treated in hospital ERs due to ingesting cough or cold medications.

Most of those pediatric ER visits happened when toddlers or young children took over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription cough or cold drugs without supervision.

"Parents need to be vigilant about keeping these medicines out of their children's reach," Denise Cardo, MD, director of the CDC's division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, says in a CDC news release.

The CDC has this advice for parents and caregivers:

  • Put the poison control number, (800) 222-1222, on or near every home phone. This phone number is staffed around the clock.
  • Don't tell kids that medicine is candy.
  • Avoid taking adult medication in front of young children.
  • Keep all drugs out of young kids' reach.
  • Never leave kids alone with drugs or household chemical products.

Also, keep in mind that the FDA recommends that OTC cough and cold medicines not be given to children younger than 2. The FDA is reviewing the use of cough and cold drugs in older children.

(Do you agree with the FDA regarding children's cold medications? See what pediatrician Steven Parker, MD, had to say on his blog on WebMD, and share your own comments.)

Pediatric ER Visits

The CDC's new report, released today in an advance online edition of Pediatrics, stems from adverse drug event data from 2004-2005 from 63 U.S. hospitals.

Based on that data, the CDC estimates that 7,091 children per year get emergency medical care after taking OTC cough and cold drugs.

Two-thirds of the kids took the drugs without supervision, "and most of these ingestions involved children aged 2 to 5 years," write the CDC's Melissa Schaefer, MD, and colleagues.

Most children -- 93% -- were treated and released from hospital emergency rooms, and 23% got special treatment to get the drugs out of their system.

Also, most children -- 63% -- had no signs of drug side effects when they arrived at the hospital.

Among children with symptoms of drug side effects, 19% had allergic reactions such as a rash or hives. An additional 13% had neurological symptoms, such as sleepiness or an unsteady gait.

Industry Responds

The Consumer Healthcare Products Association (CHPA), a trade group representing makers of over-the-counter drugs, issued a statement about the study.

"This CDC review puts the overall discussion of pediatric cough and cold remedies into perspective by focusing on concrete data that address the real issue," says CHPA President Linda Suydam, DPA. "These medicines are safe when used as directed, and this government review underscores the importance of educating consumers -- especially those with small children -- on the safe use and safekeeping of medicine."

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