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    Quiz: How Much Do You Know About Antibiotics?

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    Antibiotics treat infections from:

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    Antibiotics treat infections from:

    • Your Answer:
    • Correct Answer:

    Antibiotics kill bacteria or keep them from growing. They don't fight viruses, like those that give you a cold or the flu. If you don't take them properly, these drugs may cause the bacteria to change, which makes antibiotics less likely to work. That's called resistance.

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    Antibacterial cleansers may make germs stronger against antibiotics.

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    Antibacterial cleansers may make germs stronger against antibiotics.

    • Your Answer:
    • Correct Answer:

    Some studies suggest that triclosan, which is in many antibacterial soaps and cleansers, may lead to changes in bacteria that make antibiotics less effective in fighting them. The FDA wants companies that make these soaps to show more proof that they work. The agency says there is no evidence that they are better at preventing illness than plain soap and water.

    Drugs you take for acne can hurt antibiotics’ effects.

    Drugs you take for acne can hurt antibiotics’ effects.

    • Your Answer:
    • Correct Answer:

    Doctors often prescribe them to treat acne. But taking any antibiotic can lead to resistance. Because of this, work closely with your doctor to find the best treatment for you.

    You always need antibiotics for:

    You always need antibiotics for:

    • Your Answer:
    • Correct Answer:

    Strep throat is caused by bacteria. You need a lab test to know for sure if you have it.

    A sinus infection, also called sinusitis, is almost always caused by a virus or by irritation from the air. The infection gets better on its own without antibiotics. Although it's rare, some sinus infections are caused by bacteria. If your symptoms last for more than 10 days after you see a doctor, schedule a follow-up.

    A virus or bacteria can cause ear infections. They may get better without antibiotics. Your doctor may consider several things to help decide whether to use them, including how old or sick you are. He may wait a couple of days to see if your symptoms go away.

    It’s OK to stop taking antibiotics as soon as you feel better.

    It’s OK to stop taking antibiotics as soon as you feel better.

    • Your Answer:
    • Correct Answer:

    Take them exactly as your doctor tells you to. Don't skip doses, and finish them all. If you stop too soon, some bacteria may survive and make you sick again.

    How many people each year get bacterial infections that antibiotics don’t help?

    How many people each year get bacterial infections that antibiotics don’t help?

    • Your Answer:
    • Correct Answer:

    These infections include things like tuberculosis, skin problems, and sexually transmitted diseases. People get most of them at home, school, or work. But you can catch some in health care settings like hospitals or nursing homes. Patients pick up the bacteria from surfaces or from the hands of doctors or nurses.

    Animals can play a role in antibiotics not working in humans.

    Animals can play a role in antibiotics not working in humans.

    • Your Answer:
    • Correct Answer:

    Livestock that get antibiotics can develop resistant bacteria in their bodies, which are then in the meat we eat. When you don't cook or handle the meat right, the bacteria can move to people. Fertilizer and water used on crops can also spread bacteria. The FDA says it is phasing out the use of antibiotics, except those prescribed by a veterinarian, in animals raised for food.

    Fewer new antibiotics have been created in the past 30 years.

    Fewer new antibiotics have been created in the past 30 years.

    • Your Answer:
    • Correct Answer:

    There have been some new drugs, but researchers haven't developed a major class of antibiotics since the 1980s. Researchers, though, are currently studying texiobactin, part of a new class of antibiotics that may be used against resistant bacteria.  The threat of resistance has been around for decades. In his Nobel Prize speech in 1945, Alexander Fleming, who discovered penicillin, warned that antibiotics could become less effective.

    Several efforts are now under way to create more antibiotics.

    How much does antibiotic resistance cost yearly?

    How much does antibiotic resistance cost yearly?

    • Your Answer:
    • Correct Answer:

    It takes an economic toll on the whole health care system, the CDC says. Resistant infections make people sicker. They stay in the hospital longer and need more expensive treatment.

    Which germ worries health officials the most?

    Which germ worries health officials the most?

    • Your Answer:
    • Correct Answer:

    It causes life-threatening diarrhea. Each year, the disease sends 250,000 people to the hospital and leads to 14,000 deaths. The bacteria are naturally resistant to many drugs and spread quickly.

    Carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae (CRE) is also considered an urgent threat. It causes infections that are resistant to nearly all antibiotics. Those include carbapenems, commonly considered a last resort.

    A third urgent threat is drug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae , which causes gonorrhea.

    MRSA and drug-resistant tuberculosis are both considered to have a threat level of "serious."

    It’s OK to take antibiotics prescribed to someone else.

    It’s OK to take antibiotics prescribed to someone else.

    • Your Answer:
    • Correct Answer:

    Someone else's medicine may not be the right one for your illness. If you take the wrong kind it might slow down your recovery, and could even make you get worse.

    Your Score:     You correctly answered   out of   questions.
    Your Score:     You correctly answered   out of   questions.
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    Great job! You’re a pro when it comes to antibiotic safety.

    Nice try, but you’re not an expert yet. Read up and try again.

    Bummer. Study up so germs don’t get the best of you.

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