Use of this medication in children younger than 3 years has caused serious (sometimes fatal) side effects, including seizure and slowed/stopped heart. If this medication is prescribed for use in a child younger than 3 years, carefully follow the doctor's directions. Do not increase the dose or give this medication more often than directed. Do not use this medication to treat teething pain in infants and young children unless directed by the doctor. Talk with the doctor about other ways to treat teething pain. Keep this product in a safe place away from children.Who should not take Xylocaine Viscous mucous membrane?
See also Warning section.
Viscous lidocaine is used to relieve pain and discomfort from a sore throat/mouth. It is also used to numb the lining of the mouth and throat before certain medical/dental procedures (e.g., dental impressions). This numbing helps prevent the urge to close the throat (gag reflex), which might make the procedure more difficult. Lidocaine is an amide-type local anesthetic that starts to numb the area within minutes after application.
See also Warning section.
Shake the bottle well before measuring each dose. Carefully measure the dose using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose. Do not mix with other liquid or food unless directed by your doctor.
For mouth pain, swish the prescribed amount in your mouth and spit out. Do not swallow the medication. To treat a sore throat, gargle with the medication, then swallow or spit out, as directed by your doctor. Viscous lidocaine is usually used as needed when you have pain or soreness, but do not use it more often than every 3 hours or as directed by your doctor. In adults, the usual maximum dose is 15 milliliters per dose and no more than 8 doses in 24 hours.
This medication numbs the nose and throat. This will make swallowing difficult and increase your risk of choking or swallowing the wrong way. Do not eat or chew gum for 1 hour after using this product or until your mouth/throat is no longer numb. It is especially important to make sure children do not eat or chew gum for at least 1 hour after use. Be careful not to accidentally bite your tongue or mouth.
For infants and children younger than 3 years, carefully measure the prescribed dose and apply to the affected area with a cotton swab. Wait at least 3 hours before giving the next dose. Do not give more than 4 doses in a 12-hour period.
The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Be very careful when measuring the dose, especially if you are using this medication in a child. In children, the dosage is also based on age and weight. Do not increase your dose or use this medication more often than prescribed. Using too much product or using it too often can increase the risk of very serious side effects. Overdose has occurred in children accidentally given the wrong dose.
Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Seek immediate medical attention if any of these rare but serious side effects occur: slow/shallow breathing, slow/irregular heartbeat, mental/mood changes (e.g., severe drowsiness, confusion, nervousness), seizures, fainting, vision changes (e.g., double or blurred vision).
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Before using lidocaine, tell your doctor, dentist, or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other anesthetics (e.g., bupivacaine, prilocaine); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients (such as PABA), which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your dentist, doctor, or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: bites/cuts/scrapes/sores in your mouth or throat, heart problems (e.g., irregular heartbeat), severe infection with high fever (e.g., sepsis), liver disease.
To minimize dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a sitting or lying position.
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages.
Children may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially dizziness and drowsiness.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you also take drugs that cause drowsiness such as: certain antihistamines (e.g., diphenhydramine), anti-seizure drugs (e.g., carbamazepine), medicine for sleep or anxiety (e.g., alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants, narcotic pain relievers (e.g., codeine), psychiatric medicines (e.g., chlorpromazine, risperidone, amitriptyline, trazodone).
Check the labels on all your medicines (e.g., cough-and-cold products) because they may contain drowsiness-causing ingredients. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.
If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: severe dizziness/drowsiness, seizures, slow/irregular heartbeat.
Do not share this medication with others.
This medication has been prescribed for your current condition only. Do not use it later for another condition unless told to do so by your doctor. A different medication may be necessary in that case.
Store at room temperature away from sunlight and moisture. Do not freeze. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.
Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.
Information last revised October 2014. Copyright(c) 2014 First Databank, Inc.
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