There is a wide number of drugs available for treating epilepsy in children, and advances in the past years have made a difference. In fact, nine new medications have become available in the last decade.
But that doesn't mean the newest drug for epilepsy is the best. New drugs have helped, but there's no single miracle cure responsible for the improvements in treating epilepsy. Instead, doctors are getting better at fine-tuning treatment for each child using new and older drugs. There isn't one...
A seizure occurs when a burst of electrical impulses in the brain escape their normal limits. They spread to neighboring areas and create an uncontrolled storm of electrical activity. The electrical impulses can be transmitted to the muscles, causing twitches or convulsions.
Causes of Epilepsy
There are around 180,000 new cases of epilepsy each year. About 30% occur in children. Children and elderly adults are the ones most often affected.
There is a clear cause for epilepsy in only a minority of the cases. Typically, the known causes of seizure involve some injury to the brain. Some of the main causes of epilepsy include:
low oxygen during birth
head injuries that occur during birth or from accidents during youth or adulthood
genetic conditions that result in brain injury, such as tuberous sclerosis
abnormal levels of substances such as sodium or blood sugar
In up to 70% of all case of epilepsy in adults and children, no cause can ever be discovered.
Causes of Seizures
Although the underlying causes of epilepsy are usually not known, certain factors are known to provoke seizures in people with epilepsy. Avoiding these triggers can help you avoid seizures and live better with epilepsy: