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    How to Care for Someone Having a Seizure

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    The care of someone with epilepsy varies depending on the frequency and type of seizures. It is important for the person to take anticonvulsant medication regularly to prevent seizures.

    When a seizure occurs, an observer should use common sense to prevent injuries:

    Recommended Related to Epilepsy

    Understanding Seizures -- Diagnosis and Treatment

    To decide if your "spells" are seizures, your doctor will: Take a detailed medical history (including a family history of seizures). Gather information about your behavior before, during, and after the episode. It is very important to have someone with you who witnessed the episode and can describe it to the doctor. Do a physical exam These are tests that may be done: An electroencephalogram (EEG) to identify any abnormal electrical misfiring in the brain and help predict the ...

    Read the Understanding Seizures -- Diagnosis and Treatment article > >

    • Cushion the person's head.
    • Loosen any tight neckwear.
    • Turn the person on his or her side.
    • Do not hold the person down or restrain the person.
    • Do not place anything in the mouth or try to pry the teeth apart. The person is not in danger of swallowing his or her tongue.
    • Observe seizure characteristics -- length, type of movements, direction of head or eye turning. These characteristics may help the doctor diagnose the type of seizure.

    WebMD Medical Reference from eMedicineHealth

    Reviewed by Richard Senelick, MD on May 25, 2014
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