Skip to content

Epilepsy Health Center

What to Do if Your Child Has an Epileptic Seizure

Font Size
A
A
A

Most epileptic seizures are over so quickly that you don't really have much time to do anything. After it's over, you simply make sure that the child wasn't injured.

Tonic-clonic seizures are the most dramatic and frightening of the seizures, and they usually last longer than other seizures. Here are some suggestions for handling them:

  • Move things out of the way so the child won't injure him or herself.
  • Loosen any tight clothing around the neck.
  • Put a pillow or something soft under the head.
  • Lay him or her on one side.
  • Time the seizure.

Call an ambulance about a seizure if:

  • The child was injured during the seizure
  • The child may have inhaled water
  • The seizure lasted longer than five minutes
  • There is no known history of seizures

Things not to do during a seizure:

  • Don't put anything in the mouth. First of all, despite what you've heard, it's impossible to swallow your tongue and choke. While the child may bite his or her tongue during a seizure, trying to cram something in the mouth probably won't work to prevent this. You may also get bitten, or you may break some of the child's teeth or your child may break the object and choke or aspirate..
  • Don't try to hold the child down. People, even children, have remarkable muscular strength during seizures. Trying to pin a child with a seizure to the ground isn't easy and it won't do any good, anyway.
  • Don't give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation until the seizure is over. After the seizure has ended, give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation if the person is not breathing.
  • Don't call an ambulance during a typical seizure. For a lot of people, the first response to seeing a seizure is to call 911. But for the vast majority of seizures, that isn't necessary. It's also frightening for a child to spend an afternoon in the hospital unnecessarily. Instead, only call for medical help if the child is injured during the seizure, if a seizure lasts more than five minutes, or if it seems like one seizure is immediately following the previous one.

 

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Daniel Brennan, MD on July 18, 2014

Today on WebMD

human head and brain waves
Causes, symptoms, and treatments.
Grand mal seizure
How is each one different?
 
marijuana plant
CBD, a plant chemical, may cut down seizures.
prescription bottle
Which medication is right for you?
 
Seizures Driving
Article
Questions for Doctor Epilepsy
Article
 
Graces Magic Diet
Article
Pills spilling from bottle in front of clock
Article
 
first aid kit
Article
Caring Child Epilepsy
Article
 
Making Home Safe
Article
epilepsy monitoring
Article
 

WebMD Special Sections